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Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI) History; do you get muscle cramps in your legs and/or feet?

Symptoms of Cramps

The following features are indicative of Cramps:
  • sharp pain
  • lump formation
  • swelling
  • redness
  • skin changes
  • muscle weakness
  • muscle fatigue
It is possible that Cramps shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Cramps

The following are the most common causes of Cramps:
  • inadequate blood supply
  • nerve compression
  • mineral depletion
  • dehydration

Risk Factors for Cramps

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cramps:
  • age 34 to 88 years
  • family history
  • high intensity forces
  • long duration exposure
  • highly repetitive exertions
  • physical environmental factors
  • psychosocial factors

Prevention of Cramps

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cramps. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid dehydration
  • stretch the muscles

Occurrence of Cramps

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cramps cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Cramps can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Cramps can occur in any gender.

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cramps

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cramps:
  • Physiotherapist
  • Neurologists

Complications of Cramps if untreated

It is not know if Cramps causes complications if left untreated.

Self-care for Cramps

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cramps:
  • Stretch and massage: Helps calming down spindles by lengthening the muscle fibers and increasing firing duration to slow down the firing rate of the muscle
  • Apply heat or cold: Helps relieving pain of cramped muscle
  • High fluid intake: Fluids that are high in electrolytes helps relieving cramps

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cramps

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cramps:
  • Supplements: Vitamin B-complex supplements helps managing leg cramps
  • Physical therapy and exercise: Helps patients with muscle disease lead active lives
  • Massages: Provides relief from muscle spasms
  • Acupuncture: Helps in treating muscle spasms and pain

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cramps.

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