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Health    Dengue
Also called: Break-bone fever, Dengue fever
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Dengue is an infection caused by a virus. You can get it if an infected mosquito bites you. Dengue does not spread from person to person. It is common in warm, wet areas of the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is rare in the United States.

Symptoms include a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. In some cases, dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from your nose, gums, or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening.

There is no specific treatment. Most people with dengue recover within 2 weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking non-aspirin fever-reducing medicines might help. People with the more severe forms of dengue usually need to go to the hospital and get fluids.

To lower your risk when traveling to areas where dengue is found

  • Wear insect repellent with DEET
  • Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs and feet
  • Close unscreened doors and windows

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Symptoms of Dengue

The following features are indicative of Dengue:
  • high fever
  • severe headache
  • severe eye pain
  • joint pain
  • muscle or bone pain
  • rash
  • mild bleeding manifestation
  • low white cell count

Common Causes of Dengue

The following are the most common causes of Dengue:
  • dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes

Risk Factors for Dengue

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dengue:
  • living or traveling in tropical areas
  • prior infection with a dengue fever virus

Prevention of Dengue

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dengue. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear protective clothes
  • use mosquito repellents
  • reduce mosquito habitat
  • stay in well screened housing

Occurrence of Dengue

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Dengue cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Dengue can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Dengue can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dengue

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dengue:
  • Physical examination: To diagnose dengue
  • Blood test: To count total number while blood cells and platelets
  • Laboratory tests: TO detect virus isolation in cell cultures, viral antigen and nucleic acid

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dengue

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dengue:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Dengue if Untreated

Yes, Dengue causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dengue is left untreated:
  • damage of the heart, liver or lungs
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Dengue

The following procedures are used to treat Dengue:
  • Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement: To treat severe dengue fever
  • Blood transfusion: To replace blood loss

Self-care for Dengue

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dengue:
  • Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing: Lowers the risk of mosquito bites
  • Use mosquito repellent: Helps in preventing dengue fever

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Dengue

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Dengue:
  • Consume juice of papaya leaf extract: Protect blood cells against stress-induced destruction and treats dengue infection

Patient Support for Treatment of Dengue

The following actions may help Dengue patients:
  • Supportive care: Helps in coping with the disease

Time for Treatment of Dengue

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Dengue to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Is Dengue Infectious?

Yes, Dengue is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • mosquito bites from infected person to other

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/01/2018.
This page provides information for Dengue.