Clicky

TabletWise.com
    Pharmacy Website
    Clinic Website
     

    Dengue

    Health    Dengue
    Also called: Break-bone fever, Dengue fever

    Dengue is an infection caused by a virus. You can get it if an infected mosquito bites you. Dengue does not spread from person to person. It is common in warm, wet areas of the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is rare in the United States.

    Symptoms include a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. In some cases, dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from your nose, gums, or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening.

    There is no specific treatment. Most people with dengue recover within 2 weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking non-aspirin fever-reducing medicines might help. People with the more severe forms of dengue usually need to go to the hospital and get fluids.

    To lower your risk when traveling to areas where dengue is found

    • Wear insect repellent with DEET
    • Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs and feet
    • Close unscreened doors and windows

    NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

    Symptoms of Dengue

    The following features are indicative of Dengue:
    • high fever
    • severe headache
    • severe eye pain
    • joint pain
    • muscle or bone pain
    • rash
    • mild bleeding manifestation
    • low white cell count
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Dengue

    The following are the most common causes of Dengue:
    • dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Dengue

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dengue:
    • living or traveling in tropical areas
    • prior infection with a dengue fever virus

    Prevention of Dengue

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dengue. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • wear protective clothes
    • use mosquito repellents
    • reduce mosquito habitat
    • stay in well screened housing
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Dengue.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Dengue cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Dengue most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Dengue most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dengue

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dengue:
    • Physical examination: To diagnose dengue
    • Blood test: To count total number while blood cells and platelets
    • Laboratory tests: TO detect virus isolation in cell cultures, viral antigen and nucleic acid
    References: 3

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Dengue:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dengue:
    • Infectious disease specialist

    Complications of Dengue if Untreated

    Yes, Dengue causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dengue is left untreated:
    • damage of the heart, liver or lungs
    • can be fatal
    References: 2

    Procedures for Treatment of Dengue

    The following procedures are used to treat Dengue:
    • Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement: To treat severe dengue fever
    • Blood transfusion: To replace blood loss
    References: 2

    Self-care for Dengue

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dengue:
    • Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing: Lowers the risk of mosquito bites
    • Use mosquito repellent: Helps in preventing dengue fever
    References: 2

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Dengue

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Dengue:
    • Consume juice of papaya leaf extract: Protect blood cells against stress-induced destruction and treats dengue infection
    References: 4

    Patient Support for Treatment of Dengue

    The following actions may help Dengue patients:
    • Supportive care: Helps in coping with the disease
    References: 2

    Time for Treatment of Dengue

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Dengue to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • Within 1 week
    References: 3

    Is Dengue Infectious?

    Yes, Dengue is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
    • mosquito bites from infected person to other
    References: 3

    Questions - Dengue

    Dengue is a viral infection transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito called Aedes aegypti. The Aedes mosquito is very small and tends to bite the most approximately 2 hours after sunrise and several hours before sunset. In order to lay eggs, they need a water source with organic material such as flower pots and ornamental fountains.  Aedes can bite dogs and other domestic animals in addition to humans, however their bites are unnoticeable until after it happens. Dengue can cause severe headache, eye pain, joint pain and other symptoms complications therefore mosquito prevention is very important in areas where dengue is highly prevalent. Important precautions include checking your water-filled containers weekly, checking for hidden bodies of water such as manholes, cleaning pet-watering dishes and emptying or covering containers to keep them from filling with water. 
    
    References
    1. Dengue and the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/30jan2012/aegyptifactsheet.pdf. Accessed March 23, 2018
    2. Dengue. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/. Accessed March 23, 2018
    3. Dengue. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/dengue.html. Accessed March 23, 2018
    Share
    Share the link to this answer
    Dengue is a viral infection transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito called Aedes aegypti. This type of mosquito is most active during the day and tend to bite during the early hours of the morning and the last few hours before sunset. Humans do not notice when this mosquito bites because it is very small and tends to bite in the ankles and elbows. In order to reproduce and lay their eggs they look for water containers like flower pots, ornamental fountains, and water bowls for pets. They are commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas and they are considered the primary vector of dengue fever, yellow fever and chikungunya.
    
    References
    1. Dengue and the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/30jan2012/aegyptifactsheet.pdf. Accessed March 23, 2018
    2. Dengue. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/. Accessed March 23, 2018
    3. Dengue. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/dengue.html. March 23, 2018
    Share
    Share the link to this answer
    My wife is 9 months pregnant, can she use this drug?
    Recofast contains paracetamol, phenylephrine, and triprolidine in combination. It may show embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic action to the foetus. So, it's better to avoid the drug should not be taken in 9-month pregnancy. Before taking the medication you must consult the gynecologist.
    Upvotes 1 Share
    Share the link to this answer

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Dengue

    Latest news and updates related to Dengue. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Study uncovers mechanism that affects multiplication of dengue virus lineage

    Wednesday, August 15, 2018 -- A lineage of type 1 dengue virus found in Brazil is able to prevail over another even though it multiplies less in vector mosquitoes and infected human cells.

    Zika Likes it Warmer than Dengue: Study

    Wednesday, August 15, 2018 -- Climate change may open up new habitats suitable for the virus's spread.

    Dengue fever: Hong Kong confirms first local transmissions of 2018

    Wednesday, August 15, 2018 -- Hong Kong health officials are reporting four locally transmitted dengue fever cases, the first of the year. The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) investigation includes the following: The first case involves a 17-year-old male patient with good past health, who developed fever, sore throat, myalgia and arthralgia since August 7. He was admitted to Hong […] The post Dengue fever: Hong Kong confirms first local transmissions of 2018 appeared first on Outbreak News Today.

    Mice study shows mother's dengue immunity protects unborn from ZIKA infection

    Thursday, August 02, 2018 -- Dengue and Zika viruses are closely related and carried by mosquitos. In infested subtropical and tropical areas, dengue transmission often precedes Zika virus infection, suggesting that women who previously acquired dengue immunity may be bitten by ZIKV-carrying mosquitoes during pregnancy.

    New study examines cellular, molecular differences between dengue, Zika

    Friday, July 06, 2018 -- More than two years after reports of skyrocketing Zika rates surfaced worldwide, questions still loom about this complicated virus. Florida State University researchers are one step closer to finding answers. In an article published this week in the journal Stem Cell Reports, Professor of Biological Science Hengli Tang and his postdoctoral researcher Jianshe Lang take a deep […] The post New study examines cellular, molecular differences between dengue, Zika appeared first on Outbreak News Today.

    References

    1. CDC Dengue https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/index.html - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Dengue fever http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Wikipedia Dengue fever https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengue_fev... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Sarala N, Paknikar S. Papaya extract to treat dengue: a novel therapeutic option?. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(3):320-4 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/dengue.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/04/2018.
    This page provides information for Dengue.

    Recent Activity