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    Depression

    Health    Depression
    Also called: Clinical depression, Dysthymic disorder, Major depressive disorder, Unipolar depression

    Depression is a serious medical illness. It's more than just a feeling of being sad or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 19 million teens and adults in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include

    • Feeling sad or "empty"
    • Loss of interest in favorite activities
    • Overeating, or not wanting to eat at all
    • Not being able to sleep, or sleeping too much
    • Feeling very tired
    • Feeling hopeless, irritable, anxious, or guilty
    • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems
    • Thoughts of death or suicide

    Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can happen at any age, but it often begins in teens and young adults. It is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder.

    There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants, talk therapy, or both.

    NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

    Symptoms of Depression

    The following features are indicative of Depression:
    • persistent sad or anxious mood
    • feeling of hopelessness
    • irritability
    • feeling of guilt, helplessness or worthlessness
    • loss of interest or pleasure in activities and hobbies
    • decreased energy or fatigue
    • talking or moving more slowly
    • feeling restless
    • difficulty remembering, concentrating or making decisions
    • difficulty sleeping
    • early-morning awakening
    • appetite or weight changes
    • thoughts of suicide or death
    • aches
    • headache
    • cramps
    • digestive problems
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Depression

    The following are the most common causes of Depression:
    • genetic factors
    • biological factors
    • environmental factors
    • psychological factors
    References: 1, 2, 3

    Other Causes of Depression

    The following are the less common causes of Depression:
    • borderline personality disorder
    • non-psychiatric illness
    • psychiatric syndromes
    References: 1, 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Depression

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Depression:
    • personal or family history of depression
    • major life changes
    • trauma
    • stress
    • certain physical illnesses and medications

    Prevention of Depression

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Depression.

    Occurrence of Depression.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Depression cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Depression most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Depression most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 2, 4

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Depression

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Depression:
    • Physical examination: To check the signs and symptoms of depression
    • Lab tests: To measure complete blood count and the functioning of thyroid
    • DSM-5 criteria: To diagnose mental problems or conditions
    References: 3, 5

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Depression:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Depression:
    • Psychiatrist
    • Psychologist

    Complications of Depression if Untreated

    Yes, Depression causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Depression is left untreated:
    • excess weight or obesity
    • pain and physical illness
    • alcohol or substance misuse
    • anxiety
    • panic disorder
    • social phobia
    • family conflicts
    • relationship difficulties
    • social isolation
    • suicidal feelings
    • suicide attempts
    • self-mutilation
    • can be fatal
    References: 5

    Procedures for Treatment of Depression

    The following procedures are used to treat Depression:
    • Psychotherapy: Effective for treating depression
    • Electroconvulsive therapy: To relieve depression by passing electrical currents to the brain
    • Transcranial magnetic stimulation: To activate nerve cells in your brain
    References: 6

    Self-care for Depression

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Depression:
    • Learn about depression: Empower you and motivate you to stick to your treatment plan
    • Pay attention to warning signs: Prevents the worsening of depression symptoms
    References: 6

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Depression

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Depression:
    • Intake of omega-3 fatty acids supplements: Helpful in relieving depression
    • Acupuncture therapy: Reduces the pain
    • Tai chi therapy: Improves flexibility, balance and muscle strength
    • Do yoga: Increase the flexibility and balance
    • Music therapy: Listening to soothing music relaxes the patient
    • Massage therapy: Relaxes the patient
    References: 6

    Patient Support for Treatment of Depression

    The following actions may help Depression patients:
    • Locate helpful groups: Helps in coping with the depression
    • Don't become isolated: Connect to others facing similar challenges and share experiences makes you feel comfortable
    References: 6

    Time for Treatment of Depression

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Depression to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 7

    Questions - Depression

    Depression is a common and serious mood disorder that affects how a person feels, thinks and handles daily normal activities. All depression can be treated and in some cases cured with other methods besides medication, such as psychotherapy (also known as counseling) and electroconvulsive therapy (also known as brain stimulation therapy). Normally depression is treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of both; however not every patient responds the same way. There are other approaches that may help someone during the depression as well, these include exercise, spending time with other people, avoiding isolation, continuing education about depression, and setting realistic goals.
    
    References
    1. Depression. National Institute of Mental Health. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml. Accessed April 14, 2018.
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    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Depression

    Latest news and updates related to Depression. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Supportive therapy alleviates depression associated with advanced cancer

    Friday, September 14, 2018 -- Patients with advanced cancer experienced alleviated depressive symptoms and a reduction in end-of-life distress after taking part in a brief, tailored psychotherapeutic intervention called Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully, or CALM, according to a randomized controlled trial published in Journal of Clinical Oncology.“Findings suggest that CALM is an effective intervention that provides a systematic approach to alleviating depressive symptoms in patients with advanced cancer and addresses the predictable challenges these patients face,” Gary Rodin, MD, joint University of

    Web-Based Interventions for Depression in Individuals with Diabetes: Review and Discussion

    Friday, September 14, 2018 -- Background: Depression is twice as common in people with diabetes, and this comorbidity worsens the course of both pathologies. In clinical practice guidelines, screening and treatment of depression in patients with diabetes are highly recommended. However, depression is still both underrecognized and undertreated. To find ways to enhance their reach, psychological treatments have taken advantage of benefits of internet and technological devices as delivery formats, providing interventions that require considerably less (or even no) interaction time with therapists. Web-based treatments hold promise for effective interventions at low cost with positive results. Objective: The objectives of this review were to describe Web-based interventions for depression in individuals with diabetes and to discuss these studies’ procedures and findings in light of

    Multimodal Imaging Reveals Potential Markers of Major Depressive Disorder

    Friday, September 14, 2018 -- Researchers sought to identify biomarkers of major depressive disorder using multiple modalities of imaging and relating neurobiological findings to binary, ordinal, or continuous outcomes.

    Depression May Increase Risk of Developing an Autoimmune Disease

    Thursday, September 13, 2018 -- MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Andrea L. Roberts, MPH, PhD Research Associate, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? Response: There is some evidence that depression may increase … Continue reading →

    Depression or Psychosis Predicts Perinatal Recurrence of Bipolar Disorder

    Thursday, September 13, 2018 -- Investigators sought to determine clinical predictors to identify risk for perinatal recurrence in women with bipolar disorder.

    References

    1. NIH Depression https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/d... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. MedlinePlus Depression https://medlineplus.gov/depression.html - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Wikipedia Depression (mood) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression...) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. World Health Organization Depression http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheet... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mayo Clinic Depression (major depressive disorder) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Depression (major depressive disorder) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. NIH Depression https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/d... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/depression.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/05/2018.
    This page provides information for Depression.