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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The metabolic condition resulted from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, in which the shift of acid-base status of the body toward the acid side because of loss of base or retention of acids other than carbonic acid is accompanied by the accumulation of ketone bodies in body tissues and fluids

Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following features are indicative of Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • frequent urination
  • excessive thirst
  • weakness
  • abdominal pain
  • shortness of breath
  • confusion

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Common Causes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following are the most common causes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • pneumonia
  • urinary tract infections
  • problem with insulin therapy
  • heart attack
  • alcohol intake

Risk Factors for Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • type 1 diabetes
  • frequently missing insulin doses

Prevention of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • monitor blood glucose level
  • adjust insulin therapy
  • manage diabetes
  • manage ketone level

Occurrence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Diabetic Ketoacidosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Diabetic Ketoacidosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Diabetic Ketoacidosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • Arterial blood gas measurement: To demonstrate the acidosis
  • Blood test: To measure urea and creatinine

Doctor for Diagnosis of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • Obstetric Surgeon
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Diabetic Ketoacidosis if untreated

Yes, Diabetic Ketoacidosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diabetic Ketoacidosis is left untreated:
  • hypokalemia
  • hypoglycemia
  • cerebral edema
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following procedures are used to treat Diabetic Ketoacidosis:
  • Electrolyte replacement: To keep heart, muscles and nerve cells functioning normally
  • Fluid replacement: To dilute the excess sugar in blood
  • Insulin therapy: To reverse the processes causing diabetic ketoacidosis

Patient Support for Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The following actions may help Diabetic Ketoacidosis patients:
  • Telehealth: Provides health related services

Time for Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Diabetic Ketoacidosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

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