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When you're dizzy, you may feel lightheaded or lose your balance. If you feel that the room is spinning, you have vertigo.

A sudden drop in blood pressure or being dehydrated can make you dizzy. Many people feel lightheaded if they get up too quickly from sitting or lying down.

Dizziness usually gets better by itself or is easily treated. However, it can be a symptom of other disorders. Medicines may cause dizziness, or problems with your ear. Motion sickness can also make you dizzy. There are many other causes.

If you are dizzy often, you should see your health care provider to find the cause.

Symptoms of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following features are indicative of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • false sense of motion or spinning
  • lightheadedness or feeling faint
  • unsteadiness or a loss of balance
  • feeling of dizziness, floating or heavy-headedness
  • motion sickness

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Common Causes of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following are the most common causes of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • inner ear disturbance
  • motion sickness
  • medication effects
  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • meniere's disease
  • labyrinthitis

Other Causes of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following are the less common causes of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • poor blood circulation
  • viral infection
  • injury
  • neurological conditions
  • anxiety disorders
  • low iron levels
  • low blood sugar levels
  • stroke
  • brain tumors
  • brain injury
  • multiple sclerosis
  • undergoing episodes of migraine

Risk Factors for Dizziness and Vertigo

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • older adults
  • past episode of dizziness
  • environmental factors

Prevention of Dizziness and Vertigo

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dizziness and Vertigo. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid sudden changes in posture
  • get up slowly from a lying position slowly
  • when standing, make sure something to hold on
  • keep still and rest when symptoms occur
  • avoid sudden movements or position changes
  • slowly increase activity
  • walk with the help of cane
  • avoid TV, bright lights and reading during vertigo attacks

Occurrence of Dizziness and Vertigo

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Dizziness and Vertigo cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Dizziness and Vertigo can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Dizziness and Vertigo can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • Physical exam: To diagnose the signs and symptoms of dizziness and vertigo
  • Eye movement testing: To check the path of your eyes when you track a moving object
  • Head movement testing: To verify the diagnosis of vertigo
  • Posturography: To check which part of the balance system is giving you problems
  • Rotary-chair testing: In this test, you sit on a computer-controlled chair which moves very slowly in a full circle

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dizziness and Vertigo

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Neurologist

Complications of Dizziness and Vertigo if untreated

Yes, Dizziness and Vertigo causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dizziness and Vertigo is left untreated:
  • increased risk of falling and injuries
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following procedures are used to treat Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • Surgery: Removal of the inner ear sense organ

Self-care for Dizziness and Vertigo

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • Avoid falls: Avoid falling and serious injury causing conditions
  • Fall-proof your home: Remove tripping hazards at home
  • avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery if you experience frequent dizziness
  • Avoid using caffeine, alcohol, salt and tobacco: Use of these products may worsen the symptoms
  • Eat a healthy diet: Keep the stress levels low

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Dizziness and Vertigo

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Dizziness and Vertigo:
  • Try balance techniques: Helps in making your balance system less sensitive to motion
  • Psychotherapy: Help people whose dizziness is caused by anxiety disorders

Time for Treatment of Dizziness and Vertigo

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Dizziness and Vertigo to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Dizziness and Vertigo.

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