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The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus grows outside the uterus. It can grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bowels, or bladder. Rarely, it grows in other parts of the body.

Symptoms include

Some women have no symptoms at all. Having trouble getting pregnant may be the first sign.

The cause of endometriosis is not known. Surgery, usually a laparoscopy, is currently the only way to be sure that you have endometriosis. Your health care provider will first take your medical history, do a pelvic exam, and maybe do imaging tests.

There is no cure, but treatments help with pain and infertility. They include pain medicines, hormone treatments, and surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Symptoms of Endometriosis

The following features are indicative of Endometriosis:
  • pelvic pain
  • pain during sex
  • menstrual pain
  • lower back and abdominal pain
  • excessive bleeding
  • fatigue
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • bloating or nausea
  • dysuria
  • infertility
It is possible that Endometriosis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Endometriosis

The following are the most common causes of Endometriosis:
  • retrograde menstruation
  • immune system disorder
  • embryonic cell transformation
  • surgical scar implantation
  • transformation of peritoneal cells
  • endometrial cells transport

Risk Factors for Endometriosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Endometriosis:
  • family history
  • low body mass index
  • uterine abnormalities
  • alcohol consumption
  • genetic predisposition
  • environmental toxins
  • short menstrual cycles
  • higher levels of estrogen in the body

Prevention of Endometriosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Endometriosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise regularly
  • take warm baths
  • use heating pad

Occurrence of Endometriosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Endometriosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Endometriosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Endometriosis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Endometriosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Endometriosis:
  • Pelvic exam: To feel the endometrial growths
  • Ultrasound: To view the images of the inside of the body
  • Laparoscopy: To view inside the abdomen for signs of endometriosis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Endometriosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Endometriosis:
  • Gynecologist
  • General physician

Complications of Endometriosis if untreated

Yes, Endometriosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Endometriosis is left untreated:
  • infertility
  • ovarian cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Endometriosis

The following procedures are used to treat Endometriosis:
  • Conservative surgery: To remove as much endometriosis as possible while preserving uterus and ovaries
  • Laparoscopic surgery: To remove endometrial tissue
  • Hysterectomy: To remove the uterus and cervix as well as both ovaries

Self-care for Endometriosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Endometriosis:
  • Use heating pads: Helps relaxing pelvic muscles, reducing cramping and pain
  • Exercise regularly: Helps to improve symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Endometriosis

The following actions may help Endometriosis patients:
  • Join a support group: Talking to other women who can relate to your feelings and experiences helps in providing relief from stress

Time for Treatment of Endometriosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Endometriosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Endometriosis.

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