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An elimination disorder characterized by urinary incontinence, whether involuntary or intentional, which is not due to a medical condition and which occurs at or beyond an age at which continence is expected (usually 5 years).

Symptoms of Enuresis

The following features are indicative of Enuresis:
  • uncontrollable urination

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Common Causes of Enuresis

The following are the most common causes of Enuresis:
  • presence of small bladder
  • hormonal imbalancement
  • urinary tract infection
  • sleep apnea
  • diabetes
  • chronic constipation

Risk Factors for Enuresis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Enuresis:
  • stress
  • anxiety
  • family history
  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Prevention of Enuresis

No, it is not possible to prevent Enuresis.
  • genetic mutation on human chromosome 13

Occurrence of Enuresis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Enuresis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Enuresis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 5-10 years

Common Gender

Enuresis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Enuresis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Enuresis:
  • Physical exam: To check symptoms, fluid intake, family history, bowel and bladder habits, and problems associated with bed-wetting
  • Urine testing: To check for signs of an infection or diabetes
  • X-rays imaging test: To look at the structure of the urinary tract

Doctor for Diagnosis of Enuresis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Enuresis:
  • Psychiatrist
  • Pediatrician

Complications of Enuresis if untreated

It is not know if Enuresis causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Enuresis

The following procedures are used to treat Enuresis:
  • Use of moisture alarms: To help out child wake, stop the urine stream and get to the toilet

Self-care for Enuresis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Enuresis:
  • Limit fluids in the evening: Helps prevent enuresis
  • Avoid beverages and foods with caffeine: Help prevent the stimulation of bladder
  • Encourage double voiding before bed: Help cope up with situation of enuresis
  • Encourage regular toilet use throughout the day: Help avoid a feeling of urgency for urination

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Enuresis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Enuresis:
  • Hypnosis: To enhance capacity to respond to situation
  • Chiropractic therapy: To diagnose and treat conditions relating to muscles, joints and nerves of body
  • Herbal therapy: To provide supplementary diet to treat symptoms of enuresis

Patient Support for Treatment of Enuresis

The following actions may help Enuresis patients:
  • Parents support: To help child with emotional and behavioral problems

Time for Treatment of Enuresis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Enuresis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Enuresis.

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