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Symptoms of Epididymitis

The following features are indicative of Epididymitis:
  • swollen, red or warm scrotum
  • testicle pain
  • testicle tenderness
  • painful urination
  • urgent or frequent need to urinate
  • discharge from the penis
  • pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
  • blood in the semen
  • fever
It is possible that Epididymitis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Epididymitis

The following are the most common causes of Epididymitis:
  • gonorrhea
  • chlamydia
  • urine in the epididymis
  • mumps
  • urinary tract infections
  • prostate infection

Other Causes of Epididymitis

The following are the less common causes of Epididymitis:
  • trauma
  • tuberculosis

Risk Factors for Epididymitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Epididymitis:
  • sex with a partner who has an sexually transmitted infection
  • sex without a condom
  • history of sexually transmitted infection
  • history of prostate or urinary tract infections
  • uncircumcised penis
  • prostate enlargement

Prevention of Epididymitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Epididymitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • practice safer sex
  • preventing a recurrence of urinary tract infections

Occurrence of Epididymitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Epididymitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Epididymitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Epididymitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Epididymitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Epididymitis:
  • Rectal examination: To check for prostate enlargement or tenderness
  • STI screening: To check for gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Urine and blood tests: To analyze urine and blood samples for abnormalities
  • Ultrasound: To rule out testicular torsion

Doctor for Diagnosis of Epididymitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Epididymitis:
  • Urologist
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Epididymitis if untreated

Yes, Epididymitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Epididymitis is left untreated:
  • abscess in the scrotum
  • Epididymo-orchitis
  • reduced fertility

Procedures for Treatment of Epididymitis

The following procedures are used to treat Epididymitis:
  • Epididymectomy: To remove all or part of the epididymis

Self-care for Epididymitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Epididymitis:
  • Do rest: Help ease discomfort
  • Apply cold packs: Helps relieving pain
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects: Help to ease discomfort
  • Avoid sexual intercourse until infection has cleared: Helps to control the pain or discomfort

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Epididymitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Epididymitis:
  • Supporting the scrotum with an athletic strap: May help by relieving the discomfort

Time for Treatment of Epididymitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Epididymitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Is Epididymitis Infectious?

Yes, Epididymitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • sex with a partner who has an sexually transmitted infection

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Epididymitis.

Related Topics

Orchitis
Epididymitis

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