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Your eyes can get infections from bacteria, fungi, or viruses. Eye infections can occur in different parts of the eye and can affect just one eye or both. Two common eye infections are

  • Conjunctivitis - also known as pinkeye. Conjunctivitis is often due to an infection. Children frequently get it, and it is very contagious.
  • Stye - a bump on the eyelid that happens when bacteria from your skin get into the hair follicle of an eyelash.

Symptoms of eye infections may include redness, itching, swelling, discharge, pain, or problems with vision. Treatment depends on the cause of the infection and may include compresses, eye drops, creams, or antibiotics.

Symptoms of Eye Infections

The following features are indicative of Eye Infections:
  • eye pain
  • eye redness
  • blurred vision
  • sensitivity to light
  • excessive tearing
  • eye discharge
  • swelling of conjunctiva
  • watering of the eyes
  • lump on the top or bottom eyelid
  • localized swelling of the eyelid
  • crusting of the eyelid margins
  • burning in the eye
  • droopiness of the eyelid
  • scratchy sensation on the eyeball
  • irritation of the eye
  • light sensitivity
  • tearing
  • discomfort during blinking
  • sensation of a foreign body in the eye
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Common Causes of Eye Infections

The following are the most common causes of Eye Infections:
  • fusarium
  • adenoviruses
  • staphylococcus aureus bacteria
  • allergic reaction to air irritants such as pollen, smoke
  • blocking of an oil gland at the base of the eyelash

Other Causes of Eye Infections

The following are the less common causes of Eye Infections:
  • aspergillus fungal infection
  • candida yeast infection
  • streptococcus pneumoniae bacterial infection
  • haemophilus influenzae viral infection
  • excessive dryness

Risk Factors for Eye Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Eye Infections:
  • eye injury
  • eye surgery
  • chronic eye disease involving the surface of the eye
  • wearing contact lenses
  • exposure to contaminated medical products
  • fungal bloodstream infection
  • diabetes
  • weakened immune system
  • use of corticosteroids

Prevention of Eye Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Eye Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • regularly wash your hands
  • do not rub the eyes with infected hands
  • apply a warm washcloth to the eyelids for 1 to 2 minutes after awakening
  • keep your eye tools clean
  • wear protective eyewear

Occurrence of Eye Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Eye Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Eye Infections can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Eye Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Eye Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Eye Infections:
  • Eye examination: To diagnose eye infections and their causes
  • Patch test: To detect the causative allergen

Doctor for Diagnosis of Eye Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Eye Infections:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Eye Infections if untreated

Yes, Eye Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Eye Infections is left untreated:
  • corneal ulcers
  • blindness

Medicines for Eye Infections

Below is the list of medicines used for Eye Infections:

Self-care for Eye Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Eye Infections:
  • Apply compress to your eyes: Give soothing effects
  • Use eye drops: Relieves the symptoms
  • Avoid eye drops for red eye
  • Stop wearing contact lenses: Stop wearing them until the eyes get better

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Eye Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Eye Infections:
  • Acupuncture: Gives relief from disease symptoms

Time for Treatment of Eye Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Eye Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Eye Infections Infectious?

Yes, Eye Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • contact with infected persona
  • contaminated objects or water

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Eye Infections.

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