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Facial Injuries and Disorders

Face injuries and disorders can cause pain and affect how you look. In severe cases, they can affect sight, speech, breathing and your ability to swallow. Broken bones, especially the bones of your nose, cheekbone and jaw, are common facial injuries.

Certain diseases also lead to facial disorders. For example, nerve diseases like trigeminal neuralgia or Bell's palsy sometimes cause facial pain, spasms and trouble with eye or facial movement. Birth defects can also affect the face. They can cause underdeveloped or unusually prominent facial features or a lack of facial expression. Cleft lip and palate are a common facial birth defect.

Symptoms of Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • changes in feeling over the face
  • uneven or deformed face or facial bones
  • difficulty in breathing through the nose due to bleeding and swelling
  • double vision
  • missing teeth
  • bruising or swelling around the eyes that may cause vision problems

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Common Causes of Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • blunt force
  • car or motorcycle crashes
  • wounds
  • sports injuries
  • violence

Risk Factors for Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • car or motorcycle accidents
  • sports

Prevention of Facial Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Facial Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • always wear seat belts while driving
  • use protective head gear when doing activities or work if there is a risk of face injury

Occurrence of Facial Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Facial Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Facial Injuries and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Facial Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • Radiography: To find out facial fractures
  • Angiography: To detect the location of bleeding
  • CT scan: To detect fractures

Doctor for Diagnosis of Facial Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Complications of Facial Injuries and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Facial Injuries and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Facial Injuries and Disorders is left untreated:
  • facial deformity
  • sequestration
  • sinusitis
  • osteomyelitis

Procedures for Treatment of Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • Surgery: To heal the fracture and fix broken bone segments

Self-care for Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Facial Injuries and Disorders:
  • Wear seat belts while driving: Helps in preventing facial trauma
  • Prevent facial injuries: Use protective headgear when doing work

Patient Support for Treatment of Facial Injuries and Disorders

The following actions may help Facial Injuries and Disorders patients:
  • Public education: Raises the awareness about the importance of seat belts and helmets in preventing facial injuries

Time for Treatment of Facial Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Facial Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Facial Injuries and Disorders.
Bell's Palsy
Cleft Lip and Palate
Craniofacial Abnormalities
Nose Injuries and Disorders
Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery
Trigeminal Neuralgia

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