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Finger Injuries and Disorders

You use your fingers and thumbs to do everything from grasping objects to playing musical instruments to typing. When there is something wrong with them, it can make life difficult. Common problems include

  • Injuries that result in fractures, ruptured ligaments and dislocations
  • Osteoarthritis - wear-and-tear arthritis. It can also cause deformity.
  • Tendinitis - irritation of the tendons
  • Dupuytren's contracture - a hereditary thickening of the tough tissue that lies just below the skin of your palm. It causes the fingers to stiffen and bend.
  • Trigger finger - an irritation of the sheath that surrounds the flexor tendons. It can cause the tendon to catch and release like a trigger.

Symptoms of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • tenderness
  • swelling
  • burning
  • tingling
  • numbness
  • pain
  • redness

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Common Causes of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • trauma or injury to the wrist
  • fluid retention during pregnancy or menopause
  • work stress
  • inflammation
  • repetitive finger movements

Risk Factors for Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • women
  • diabetic patients
  • age mid 50 or 60
  • overweight

Prevention of Finger Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Finger Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise regularly
  • maintain normal body weight
  • assuring correct posture and wrist position
  • take frequent rest breaks

Occurrence of Finger Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Finger Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Finger Injuries and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Finger Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • Bone x-ray: To view and assess bone injuries
  • Ultrasound imaging: To view the abnormal size of the median nerve
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To view the anatomy of the wrist

Doctor for Diagnosis of Finger Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • Orthopaedists
  • Hand surgeon
  • Physical therapist
  • Primary care physicians
  • Rheumatologists
  • Occupational therapists
  • Dietitians
  • Nurse educators
  • Psychologists
  • Licensed acupuncture therapists
  • Massage therapists
  • Social workers
  • Chiropractors

Complications of Finger Injuries and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Finger Injuries and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Finger Injuries and Disorders is left untreated:
  • infection
  • stiffness
  • poor wound healing
  • abnormal nail growth
  • neuroma

Procedures for Treatment of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • Wrist splinting: To relieve nighttime symptoms of tingling and numbness
  • Surgery: To relieve pressure by cutting the ligament pressing on the median nerve
  • Joint replacement surgery: Replaces the damaged joint surfaces with plastic and metal parts
  • Osteotomy: Cuts are made across the bone either above or below the knee to removes or adds a wedge of bone
  • Injections of hyaluronic acid: Provides relief from pain

Self-care for Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • Maintain healthy weight: Help provide relieve symptoms
  • Do stretching exercises: Help provide relieve symptoms
  • Improve posture: Help relieving symptoms
  • Engage into physical therapy: Strengthen the muscles around your joint, raises your range of motion and lowers the pain
  • Engage into occupational therapy: Relieves the pain

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Finger Injuries and Disorders:
  • Do yoga: Help reduce pain and improve grip strength
  • Take tai chi movement therapy: Lowers the stress and reduces the osteoarthritis pain and improve movements
  • Acupuncture: Relieves pain and improve function in people who have knee osteoarthritis
  • Intake glucosamine and chondroitin nutritional supplements: Beneficial for people with osteoarthritis
  • Use avocado-soybean unsaponifiable nutritional supplements: Prevents joint damage
  • Physical and occupational hand therapy techniques: May reduce symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome

Patient Support for Treatment of Finger Injuries and Disorders

The following actions may help Finger Injuries and Disorders patients:
  • Talk to your doctor: Provides you the ideas about how to cope with the disease and can refer you to someone who can help

Time for Treatment of Finger Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Finger Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Finger Injuries and Disorders.
Hand Injuries and Disorders
Nail Diseases
Raynaud's Disease

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