A benign condition characterized by the development of irregular patches in the surface of the tongue resulting in a map-like appearance. The patches migrate from day to day and usually resolve without treatment.
Symptoms of Geographic Tongue
The following features are indicative of Geographic Tongue:
pain or burning sensation
red and irregularly shaped patches on the top or side of tongue
frequent changes in the location, size and shape of lesions
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Common Causes of Geographic Tongue
The following are the most common causes of Geographic Tongue:
lack of vitamin B
irritation from hot or spicy foods
excessive alcohol consumption
genetic mutation in gene called IL-1B
Risk Factors for Geographic Tongue
The following factors may increase the likelihood of Geographic Tongue:
Prevention of Geographic Tongue
Yes, it may be possible to prevent Geographic Tongue. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
avoid irritating tongue with hot or spicy foods
avoid alcohol consumption
Occurrence of Geographic Tongue
Common Age Group
Geographic Tongue can occur at any age.
Geographic Tongue can occur in any gender.
Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Geographic Tongue
The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Geographic Tongue:
Physical Examination of tongue: To diagnose for tenderness or unusual changes in the tongue's texture or consistency
Doctor for Diagnosis of Geographic Tongue
Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Geographic Tongue:
Health care provider
Complications of Geographic Tongue if untreated
Yes, Geographic Tongue causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Geographic Tongue is left untreated:
worsening of lesions
Self-care for Geographic Tongue
The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Geographic Tongue:
Avoiding spicy/acidic foods or beverages: Help reduce discomfort associated with geographic tongue
Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Geographic Tongue
The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Geographic Tongue:
Zinc supplementation: Helps to reduce the discomfort in patients
Patient Support for Treatment of Geographic Tongue
The following actions may help Geographic Tongue patients:
Online Support groups: Helps the patients and families to know about the symptoms, causes and prevention of Geographic tongue
Time for Treatment of Geographic Tongue
While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Geographic Tongue to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced
Last updated date
This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Geographic Tongue.