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A disorder involving inflammation of the gums; may affect surrounding and supporting structures of the teeth

Symptoms of Gingivitis

The following features are indicative of Gingivitis:
  • swollen or puffy gums
  • dusky red or dark red gums
  • bad breath
  • tender gums
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Common Causes of Gingivitis

The following are the most common causes of Gingivitis:
  • plaque forms on teeth
  • plaque turns into tartar
  • inflammation of gingiva

Risk Factors for Gingivitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Gingivitis:
  • poor oral care habits
  • smoking or chewing tobacco
  • older age
  • dry mouth
  • poor nutrition
  • dental restorations
  • hormonal changes
  • genetics
  • viral infections
  • fungal infections

Prevention of Gingivitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Gingivitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintaining good oral hygiene
  • regular dental visits
  • keeping good health practices

Occurrence of Gingivitis

Common Age Group

Gingivitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 10-20 years

Common Gender

Gingivitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Gingivitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Gingivitis:
  • Dental and medical history: To diagnose symptoms of gingivitis
  • Physical Examination of teeth: To diagnose signs of plaque and inflammation
  • Dental X-rays Examination: To check for bone loss in areas with deeper pockets

Doctor for Diagnosis of Gingivitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Gingivitis:
  • Dentist

Complications of Gingivitis if untreated

Yes, Gingivitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Gingivitis is left untreated:
  • periodontitis
  • infection or abscess of the gums or the jaw bones
  • trench mouth

Procedures for Treatment of Gingivitis

The following procedures are used to treat Gingivitis:
  • Scaling: To remove tartar and bacteria from tooth surfaces
  • Root planning: To remove the bacterial products produced by inflammation and to smoothen the root surfaces

Self-care for Gingivitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Gingivitis:
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene: Help clean away the loosened food particles and bacteria
  • Regular dental visits: For visual dental examination and monitoring for changes in dental health
  • Maintaining good health practices: To maintain gum health

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Gingivitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Gingivitis:
  • Use of mouthwash and essential oils: To prevent inflammation of gingivitis

Time for Treatment of Gingivitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Gingivitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

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Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Gingivitis.

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