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Development of breast tissue in males.

Symptoms of Gynecomastia

The following features are indicative of Gynecomastia:
  • swollen breast gland tissue
  • breast tenderness
  • nipple discharge in one or both breasts

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Common Causes of Gynecomastia

The following are the most common causes of Gynecomastia:
  • decrease in the amount of the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen

Risk Factors for Gynecomastia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Gynecomastia:
  • adolescence
  • older age
  • use of anabolic steroids or androgens
  • kidney disease
  • thyroid disease
  • hormonally active tumors
  • Klinefelter's syndrome

Prevention of Gynecomastia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Gynecomastia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoiding use of illegal drugs
  • avoiding alcohol consumption
  • reviewing medications in proper manner

Occurrence of Gynecomastia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Gynecomastia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Gynecomastia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Gynecomastia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Gynecomastia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Gynecomastia:
  • Physical examination: To evaluate the male breast tissue
  • Mammography: Method of choice for radiologic examination of male breast tissue in the diagnosis of gynecomastia

Doctor for Diagnosis of Gynecomastia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Gynecomastia:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Plastic Surgeon

Complications of Gynecomastia if untreated

Yes, Gynecomastia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Gynecomastia is left untreated:
  • psychological or emotional problems

Procedures for Treatment of Gynecomastia

The following procedures are used to treat Gynecomastia:
  • Surgery: To remove glandular breast tissue
  • Radiation therapy: Helps to prevent gynecomastia and breast pain
  • Liposuction: Helps in removal of breast fat
  • Mastectomy: Helps in removal of the breast gland tissue

Self-care for Gynecomastia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Gynecomastia:
  • Stop taking recreational drugs: Helps in prevention of breast enlargement in males
  • Avoid to take nutritional supplements: To prevent symptoms of Gynecomastia

Patient Support for Treatment of Gynecomastia

The following actions may help Gynecomastia patients:
  • Family Support: Helps in avoiding anxiety and depression caused by gynecomastia

Time for Treatment of Gynecomastia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Gynecomastia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Gynecomastia.

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