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Haemoptysis

Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract.

Symptoms of Haemoptysis

The following features are indicative of Haemoptysis:
  • blood-stained mucus
  • bloody sputum
  • fever
  • chest pain
  • coughing
  • purulent sputum
  • mucocutaneous bleeding
  • jaundice
It is possible that Haemoptysis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Haemoptysis

The following are the most common causes of Haemoptysis:
  • blood clot in the lung
  • bronchiectasis
  • bronchitis
  • cancer
  • cystic fibrosis
  • vasculitis
  • injury to the arteries of the lungs
  • irritation of the throat
  • pneumonia
  • pulmonary edema
  • tuberculosis

Risk Factors for Haemoptysis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Haemoptysis:
  • smoking
  • hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension

Prevention of Haemoptysis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Haemoptysis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid cigarette smoking
  • treat underlying conditions

Occurrence of Haemoptysis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Haemoptysis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Haemoptysis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Haemoptysis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Haemoptysis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Haemoptysis:
  • Imaging examination: Chest X-ray, CT scan and 3D reconstruction images or CT virtual bronchoscopy, and bronchial angiography tests to check probable source of bleeding
  • Blood test: To check the WBCs count of the blood
  • Sputum culture: To check the cells and bacterial examinations
  • Bronchial fiber endoscopy: to examine the interior of part of lungs

Doctor for Diagnosis of Haemoptysis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Haemoptysis:
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Haemoptysis if untreated

Yes, Haemoptysis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Haemoptysis is left untreated:
  • frequent infections
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Haemoptysis

The following procedures are used to treat Haemoptysis:
  • Laser photocoagulation: To stop bleeding during bronchoscopy
  • Surgery: To remove lung lobe or removal of the entire lung
  • Treating the underlying condition: Treat the underlying condition that is causing hemoptysis

Self-care for Haemoptysis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Haemoptysis:
  • Avoid cough suppressants: Helps reducing the risk of choking

Time for Treatment of Haemoptysis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Haemoptysis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Haemoptysis.

Related Topics

Coughing up Blood

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