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Symptoms of Hematemesis

The following features are indicative of Hematemesis:
  • vomiting blood
  • nausea
  • abdominal pain
  • fatigue
  • sweating
  • dark colored tar like stools

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Common Causes of Hematemesis

The following are the most common causes of Hematemesis:
  • small blood vessels tearing of the throat while having forceful vomiting
  • bleeding ulcers in the stomach
  • bleeding ulcers in esophagus
  • blood clotting disorders
  • defects in the blood vessels of the gastrointestinal tract
  • inflammation of the esophagus lining

Other Causes of Hematemesis

The following are the less common causes of Hematemesis:
  • tumors of the mouth
  • tumors of throat
  • tumors of stomach
  • tumors of esophagus

Risk Factors for Hematemesis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hematemesis:
  • Mallory-Weiss tear syndrome

Prevention of Hematemesis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hematemesis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid eating solid diet
  • stabilize the patient with use of intravenous fluids

Occurrence of Hematemesis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hematemesis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hematemesis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hematemesis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hematemesis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hematemesis:
  • CBC (Complete Blood Count): To diagnose the blood chemistries
  • EGD (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy): To visualize the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract down to the duodenum
  • Rectal examination: To diagnose the rectum part

Complications of Hematemesis if untreated

Yes, Hematemesis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hematemesis is left untreated:
  • hypovolemic shock

Procedures for Treatment of Hematemesis

The following procedures are used to treat Hematemesis:
  • Surgery: To stop the bleeding
  • Blood transfusion: To fulfill the deficiency of blood loss in vomiting
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy: To stop the bleeding in emergency conditions

Self-care for Hematemesis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hematemesis:
  • avoid diet consumption
  • stabilize the patient with use of intravenous fluids

Time for Treatment of Hematemesis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hematemesis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hematemesis.

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