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Hemophilia

Also called: Christmas disease, Factor IX deficiency, Factor VIII deficiency

Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. It is usually inherited. Hemophilia usually occurs in males.

If you have hemophilia, you have little or no clotting factor. Clotting factor is a protein needed for normal blood clotting. Without it, you may bleed for a long time after an injury or accident. You also may bleed into your knees, ankles, and elbows. Bleeding in the joints causes pain and, if not treated, can lead to arthritis. Bleeding in the brain, a very serious complication of hemophilia, requires emergency treatment.

The main symptoms of hemophilia are excessive bleeding and easy bruising. Blood tests can tell if you have it. The main treatment is injecting the missing clotting factor into the bloodstream. You may need it on a regular basis, or just when bleeding occurs.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Hemophilia

The following features are indicative of Hemophilia:
  • excessive bleeding
  • deep bruises
  • sudden pain in large joints
  • swelling and warmth in large joints
  • prolonged headache
  • repeated vomiting
  • extreme fatigue
  • neck pain
  • double vision
  • blood in urine or stool
It is possible that Hemophilia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hemophilia

The following are the most common causes of Hemophilia:
  • mutation of the F8 gene on the X chromosome

Risk Factors for Hemophilia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hemophilia:
  • family history of bleeding
  • male gender

Prevention of Hemophilia

No, it is not possible to prevent Hemophilia.
  • autosomal recessive inheritance

Occurrence of Hemophilia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hemophilia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Hemophilia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • At birth

Common Gender

Hemophilia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hemophilia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hemophilia:
  • Clotting factor tests: To evaluate the type of hemophilia and the severity
  • Complete blood count: To measure the amount of hemoglobin
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time test: To measure the clotting ability
  • Prothrombin time test: To measures the time taken by blood to clot
  • Fibrinogen test: To assess the patient’s ability to form a blood clot

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hemophilia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hemophilia:
  • Hematologist

Complications of Hemophilia if untreated

Yes, Hemophilia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hemophilia is left untreated:
  • joint damage
  • infections
  • deep internal bleeding

Procedures for Treatment of Hemophilia

The following procedures are used to treat Hemophilia:
  • Regular infusions of hormone desmopressin into a vein: Prevents bleeding
  • Surgery: To treat hemophilia

Self-care for Hemophilia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hemophilia:
  • Exercise regularly: Build up muscles and protect your joints
  • Avoid blood-thinning medications: To prevent excessive bleeding
  • Practice good dental hygiene: To prevent tooth extraction
  • Protect your child from injuries: Prevents bleeding

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hemophilia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hemophilia:
  • Physical therapy: Lowers the signs and symptoms of hemophilia

Patient Support for Treatment of Hemophilia

The following actions may help Hemophilia patients:
  • Talk with a counselor: Helps in coping with the disease

Time for Treatment of Hemophilia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hemophilia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hemophilia.

Related Topics

Bleeding Disorders

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