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High Cholesterol

A finding based on laboratory test results that indicate higher than normal levels of cholesterol in a blood specimen.

Symptoms of High Cholesterol

The following features are indicative of High Cholesterol:
  • heart attack
  • peripheral artery disease
  • stroke
  • dizziness
  • impairment of balance
  • difficulty speaking
  • weakness or numbness
  • tingling
It is possible that High Cholesterol shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of High Cholesterol

The following are the most common causes of High Cholesterol:
  • environmental factors
  • genetic factors

Risk Factors for High Cholesterol

The following factors may increase the likelihood of High Cholesterol:
  • mutations in the autosomal dominant APOB gene
  • stress
  • hormonal changes
  • diet

Prevention of High Cholesterol

Yes, it may be possible to prevent High Cholesterol. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • increasing physical activity
  • maintaining a healthy weight

Occurrence of High Cholesterol

Number of Cases

The following are the number of High Cholesterol cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

High Cholesterol most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

High Cholesterol can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of High Cholesterol

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect High Cholesterol:
  • Blood test: To check LDL, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides level in the blood
  • Thyroid function: To diagnose function of underactive thyroid gland

Doctor for Diagnosis of High Cholesterol

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of High Cholesterol:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of High Cholesterol if untreated

Yes, High Cholesterol causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if High Cholesterol is left untreated:
  • chest pain
  • heart attack
  • stroke

Medicines for High Cholesterol

Below is the list of medicines used for High Cholesterol:

Self-care for High Cholesterol

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of High Cholesterol:
  • Don't smoke: Reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Regular exercise: Help improve cholesterol levels
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: Limiting alcohol consumption may reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Diet: Eating a low fats diet help to decrease total cholesterol

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of High Cholesterol

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of High Cholesterol:
  • Cholesterol-lowering supplements: Oat bran, beta-sitosterol and sitostanol help to reduce cholesterol level

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for High Cholesterol.

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