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Traumatic or pathological injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken. Symptoms include pain in the hip or groin, bruising and swelling in and around the hip area. The injured hip is turned outward and the leg appears shorter on that side.

Symptoms of Hip Fracture

The following features are indicative of Hip Fracture:
  • severe pain
  • stiffness
  • bruising
  • swelling
  • standing postural discomfort
  • limited hip motion
  • numbness and tingling

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Common Causes of Hip Fracture

The following are the most common causes of Hip Fracture:
  • bone or joint infection
  • hip osteonecrosis
  • thigh or groin arthritis
  • bursitis
  • hamstring strain
  • groin strain

Other Causes of Hip Fracture

The following are the less common causes of Hip Fracture:
  • trauma
  • structural abnormalities
  • repetitive motions

Risk Factors for Hip Fracture

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hip Fracture:
  • decreased bone density
  • decreased muscle mass
  • chronic medical conditions
  • nutritional problems
  • physical inactivity
  • alcohol or tobacco use
  • older age

Prevention of Hip Fracture

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hip Fracture. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • enough vitamin D and calcium intake
  • strengthening bone exercises
  • avoid smoking or drinking
  • avoid full body weight load on hip
  • fall prevention strategies

Occurrence of Hip Fracture

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hip Fracture cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hip Fracture can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hip Fracture can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hip Fracture

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hip Fracture:
  • X-rays: To locate the fracture
  • Arthroscopy: To diagnose or treat joint problems
  • Computerized tomography scan: To obtain more detailed images of fractures
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To obtain detailed 3D images of bones

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hip Fracture

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hip Fracture:
  • Orthopaedist

Complications of Hip Fracture if untreated

Yes, Hip Fracture causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hip Fracture is left untreated:
  • blood clots in legs
  • bed sores
  • urinary tract infections
  • pneumonia
  • loss of muscle mass
  • weakened bones

Procedures for Treatment of Hip Fracture

The following procedures are used to treat Hip Fracture:
  • Internal repair: To align broken bones using screws
  • Total hip replacement: To bring normal hip functioning
  • Partial hip replacement: To replace head and neck of femur bone with metal for normal functioning

Self-care for Hip Fracture

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hip Fracture:
  • Diet: More vitamin D and calcium intake
  • Exercises: strengthening bone exercises
  • Alcohol consumption: Limit alcohol consumption

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hip Fracture

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hip Fracture:
  • Exercise: To strengthen hip joint bones and relieve pain

Patient Support for Treatment of Hip Fracture

The following actions may help Hip Fracture patients:
  • Occupational therapist: Help regain mobility and independence

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hip Fracture.

Related Topics

Hip Fracture

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