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HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus, kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. The most advanced stage of infection with HIV is AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

HIV often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person. It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person.

Women can get HIV more easily during vaginal sex than men can. And if they do get HIV, they have unique problems, including:

  • Complications such as repeated vaginal yeast infections, severe pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and a higher risk of cervical cancer
  • Different side effects from the drugs that treat HIV
  • The risk of giving HIV to their baby while pregnant or during childbirth

There is no cure, but there are many medicines to fight both HIV infection and the infections and cancers that come with it. People can live with the disease for many years.

Symptoms of HIV/AIDS in Women

The following features are indicative of HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • vaginal yeast infection
  • pelvic inflammatory
  • genital warts
  • itching
  • burning
  • lighter or heavier bleeding
  • missed periods
  • weight loss
  • skin rashes
  • diarrhea
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • fever
  • fatigue
It is possible that HIV/AIDS in Women shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of HIV/AIDS in Women

The following are the most common causes of HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • sexual contact
  • blood transfusion
  • sharing needles
  • pregnancy
  • breast feeding

Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS in Women

The following factors may increase the likelihood of HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • unprotected sex
  • other sexually transmitted infections
  • drug abuse

Prevention of HIV/AIDS in Women

Yes, it may be possible to prevent HIV/AIDS in Women. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use condoms during sex
  • get HIV test done before sex
  • be monogamous
  • limit sexual partners
  • do not douche
  • do not abuse drugs or alcohol
  • preventing mother to child transmission
  • avoid breastfeeding

Occurrence of HIV/AIDS in Women

Number of Cases

The following are the number of HIV/AIDS in Women cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

HIV/AIDS in Women most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged < 15 years

Common Gender

HIV/AIDS in Women most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS in Women

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • Screening test: To check the presence of HIV antibody and antigen in blood sample
  • CD4 count: To check CD4 (white blood cells) count
  • Viral load: To measure the amount of virus in blood
  • Drug resistance: To check the resistance of the HIV strain to anti-HIV medications
  • Other lab tests: To test other infections like tuberculosis, hepatitis, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections

Doctor for Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS in Women

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • HIV specialist
  • Gynaecologist

Complications of HIV/AIDS in Women if untreated

Yes, HIV/AIDS in Women causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if HIV/AIDS in Women is left untreated:
  • menstrual disorders
  • lower genital tract neoplasias
  • osteopenia
  • osteoporosis
  • infertility
  • tuberculosis
  • cytomegalovirus
  • candidiasis
  • cryptococcal meningitis
  • toxoplasmosis
  • cryptosporidiosis
  • kaposi's sarcoma
  • lymphomas
  • wasting syndrome
  • neurological complications
  • kidney disease

Procedures for Treatment of HIV/AIDS in Women

The following procedures are used to treat HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • Antiretroviral therapy: Raises the CD4 cell count

Self-care for HIV/AIDS in Women

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of HIV/AIDS in Women:
  • eat healthy food
  • maintain proper hygiene
  • get regular immunizations

Patient Support for Treatment of HIV/AIDS in Women

The following actions may help HIV/AIDS in Women patients:
  • Communicate with your partner: Keeps you healthy
  • Join support group: Helps in managing HIV

Time for Treatment of HIV/AIDS in Women

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for HIV/AIDS in Women to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Is HIV/AIDS in Women Infectious?

Yes, HIV/AIDS in Women is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • blood transfusion
  • sharing needles
  • pregnancy
  • breastfeeding
  • unprotected sexual contact

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for HIV/AIDS in Women.

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