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Symptoms of Hypercholesterolemia

The following features are indicative of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • cholesterol deposits in the eyelids
  • sores on the toes that do not heal
  • chest pain
  • cramping of one or both calves when walking
  • trouble speaking
  • weakness of an arm or leg
  • drooping on one side of the face
  • loss of balance
  • atherosclerosis
  • weakness or numbness or tingling
  • dizziness
  • temporary loss of vision
It is possible that Hypercholesterolemia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hypercholesterolemia

The following are the most common causes of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • obesity
  • diabetes mellitus type 2
  • alcohol use
  • stress
  • genetic mutations in the autosomal dominant apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene
  • family history

Other Causes of Hypercholesterolemia

The following are the less common causes of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • hypothyroidism
  • monoclonal gammopathy
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • dialysis
  • blood pressure medication
  • human immunodeficiency virus therapy
  • anorexia nervosa

Risk Factors for Hypercholesterolemia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • family history
  • trans fats

Prevention of Hypercholesterolemia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hypercholesterolemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • intake of low in cholesterol and saturated fat diet

Occurrence of Hypercholesterolemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hypercholesterolemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hypercholesterolemia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hypercholesterolemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypercholesterolemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypercholesterolemia:
  • Physical exam: To view fatty skin growths called xanthomas and cholesterol deposits in the eye
  • Family medical history: To diagnose the familial hypercholesterolemia
  • Blood tests: To detect the high level of total cholesterol Genetic test: To detect the genetic defect associated with the condition

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hypercholesterolemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Hypercholesterolemia if untreated

Yes, Hypercholesterolemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypercholesterolemia is left untreated:
  • heart disease
  • peripheral vascular disease
  • heart attack at an early age
  • stroke

Self-care for Hypercholesterolemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • Avoid smoking: Prevents the risk for coronary artery disease
  • Limit alcohol consumption: Lowers the cholesterol levels
  • Maintain a healthy body weight: Reduces the amount of cholesterol

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hypercholesterolemia:
  • Physical activity: Lowers the cholesterol levels

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hypercholesterolemia.

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