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Immune System and Disorders

Your immune system is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend against germs. It helps your body to recognize these "foreign" invaders. Then its job is to keep them out, or if it can't, to find and destroy them.

If your immune system cannot do its job, the results can be serious. Disorders of the immune system include

  • Allergy and asthma - immune responses to substances that are usually not harmful
  • Immune deficiency diseases - disorders in which the immune system is missing one or more of its parts
  • Autoimmune diseases - diseases causing your immune system to attack your own body's cells and tissues by mistake

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Symptoms of Immune System and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Immune System and Disorders:
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • malaise
  • pain
  • rash
  • infections
  • inflammation
  • cramps
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
It is possible that Immune System and Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Immune System and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Immune System and Disorders:
  • alterations in DNA
  • bacterial infections
  • B cell deficiencies
  • T cell deficiencies
  • defective phagocytes

Risk Factors for Immune System and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Immune System and Disorders:
  • history of a primary immune deficiency disorder

Prevention of Immune System and Disorders

No, it is not possible to prevent Immune System and Disorders.
  • improper genetic coding of DNA

Occurrence of Immune System and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Immune System and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Immune System and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Immune System and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Immune System and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Immune System and Disorders:
  • Prenatal test: To test for genetic defects and other abnormalities
  • Antinuclear antibody test: To diagnose the autoimmune disorders
  • Antinuclear antibodies: To detect the presence of antinuclear antibodies in a healthy individual
  • C-reactive protein test: To detect inflammation
  • Blood Test Immunoglobulin A: To measures the blood level of immunoglobulin A
  • Complement test: To measure the quantity or activity of complement proteins in the blood
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate test: To detect inflammation
  • Protein electrophoresis: To identify the presence of abnormal proteins and the absence of normal proteins

Doctor for Diagnosis of Immune System and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Immune System and Disorders:
  • Nephrologist
  • Rheumatologist
  • Endocrinologist
  • Neurologist
  • Hematologist
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Dermatologist
  • Physical therapist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Speech therapist
  • Audiologist
  • Vocational therapist
  • Counselor for emotional support

Complications of Immune System and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Immune System and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Immune System and Disorders is left untreated:
  • recurrent infections
  • slow growth
  • cancer risk
  • can be fatal
  • flares

Procedures for Treatment of Immune System and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Immune System and Disorders:
  • Immunoglobulin therapy: To fight infections
  • Gamma interferon therapy: To stimulate immune system cells
  • Growth factor therapy: To increase the levels of immune-strengthening white blood cells
  • Stem cell transplantation: To cure life-threatening immunodeficiencies

Self-care for Immune System and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Immune System and Disorders:
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle: Prevents the autoimmune diseases
  • Get regular physical activity: Helps in prevention of autoimmune diseases
  • Reduce stress: Helps in reducing stress

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Immune System and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Immune System and Disorders:
  • Acupuncture therapy: Reduces the symptoms and manage the health

Patient Support for Treatment of Immune System and Disorders

The following actions may help Immune System and Disorders patients:
  • Education: By learning how to manage your disease
  • Joining a support group: Helps in managing stress and cope with your disease

Time for Treatment of Immune System and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Immune System and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Immune System and Disorders.
Autoimmune Diseases
Immunization

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