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Influenza

An acute viral infection of the respiratory tract, occurring in isolated cases, in epidemics, or in pandemics; it is caused by serologically different strains of viruses (influenzaviruses) designated A, B, and C, has a 3-day incubation period, and usually lasts for 3 to 10 days. It is marked by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, pharynx, and conjunctiva; headache; myalgia; often fever, chills, and prostration; and occasionally involvement of the myocardium or central nervous system.

Symptoms of Influenza

The following features are indicative of Influenza:
  • fever over 100.4 F
  • aching muscles
  • headache
  • dry cough
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • nasal congestion
  • sore throat

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Common Causes of Influenza

The following are the most common causes of Influenza:
  • influenza virus infection

Risk Factors for Influenza

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Influenza:
  • younger children of age 5 years
  • pregnant women
  • weakened immune systems
  • asthma
  • heart disease
  • kidney disease
  • diabetes
  • obesity

Prevention of Influenza

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Influenza. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • washing hands properly
  • proper covering of mouth while coughing and sneezing
  • avoid overcrowding

Occurrence of Influenza

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Influenza cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Influenza most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 1-5 years

Common Gender

Influenza can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Influenza

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Influenza:
  • Rapid influenza diagnostic test: To look after signs and symptoms of influenza

Doctor for Diagnosis of Influenza

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Influenza:
  • Infection Specialist

Complications of Influenza if untreated

Yes, Influenza causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Influenza is left untreated:
  • pneumonia
  • bronchitis
  • asthma flare-ups
  • heart problems
  • ear infections

Self-care for Influenza

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Influenza:
  • Washing hands properly: To prevent common viral infections
  • Proper covering of mouth while coughing and sneezing: To avoid viral contamination
  • Avoid overcrowding: Helps out in reducing chances of viral infection
  • Drinking plenty of liquids: To overcome with chances of dehydration
  • Proper rest: Helps out in preparing immune system ready to fight against viral infections

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Influenza

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Influenza:
  • Use of alcohol as sanitizer: To kill influenza viruses

Time for Treatment of Influenza

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Influenza to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Is Influenza Infectious?

Yes, Influenza is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • viral infection spread while coughing and sneezing

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 3/07/2019.
This page provides information for Influenza.

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