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    Insomnia

    Health    Insomnia
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    Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. If you have it, you may have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. As a result, you may get too little sleep or have poor-quality sleep. You may not feel refreshed when you wake up.

    Symptoms of insomnia include:

    • Lying awake for a long time before you fall asleep
    • Sleeping for only short periods
    • Being awake for much of the night
    • Feeling as if you haven't slept at all
    • Waking up too early

    Your doctor will diagnose insomnia based on your medical and sleep histories and a physical exam. He or she also may recommend a sleep study. A sleep study measures how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems. Treatments include lifestyle changes, counseling, and medicines.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Insomnia

    The following features are indicative of Insomnia:
    • difficulty falling asleep at night
    • waking up during the night
    • waking up too early
    • not feeling well-rested after a night's sleep
    • sleepiness
    • irritability
    • depression
    • difficulty paying attention
    • increased errors
    • ongoing worries about sleep
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Insomnia

    The following are the most common causes of Insomnia:
    • stress
    • travelling
    • hard works schedule
    • poor sleep habits
    • eating too much late in the evening
    References: 3

    Other Causes of Insomnia

    The following are the less common causes of Insomnia:
    • mental health disorders
    • medications such as pain medications, allergy and cold medications
    • medical conditions such as chronic pain, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heart disease
    • sleep-related disorders
    • caffeine, nicotine and alcohol intake
    References: 3

    Risk Factors of Insomnia

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Insomnia:
    • over age 60
    • being a women
    • mental health disorder
    • long-lasting stress
    • irregular schedule at work or traveling

    Prevention of Insomnia

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Insomnia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • do not drink caffeinated drinks a few hours before going to sleep
    • maintain sleep hygiene
    • set a consistent wakeup time and bedtime
    References: 4, 5

    Occurrence of Insomnia.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Insomnia cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Insomnia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Insomnia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Insomnia

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Insomnia:
    • Physical exam: To assess the signs of medical problems that may be related to insomnia
    • Sleep habits review: To evaluate the sleep-wake pattern and the level of daytime sleepiness
    • Sleep study: To monitor and record a variety of body activities while you sleep
    References: 3, 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Insomnia:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Insomnia:
    • Neurologists
    • Psychiatrists
    • Sleep specialists
    • Pulmonologists

    Complications of Insomnia if Untreated

    Yes, Insomnia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Insomnia is left untreated:
    • higher risk of accidents
    • lower performance on the job or at school
    • mental health disorders
    • increased risk and severity of long-term diseases or conditions
    References: 3

    Procedures for Treatment of Insomnia

    The following procedures are used to treat Insomnia:
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy: Helps in alleviating the negative thoughts and actions that keep you awake
    References: 3

    Self-care for Insomnia

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Insomnia:
    • By changing your sleep habits
    • Avoid large meals: By limiting large meals and beverages before bed
    References: 3

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Insomnia

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Insomnia:
    • Acupuncture therapy: Effective for people with insomnia
    • Do yoga: Improves the sleep quality
    • Do meditation: Helps in improving sleep and lowering the stress
    References: 3

    Time for Treatment of Insomnia

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Insomnia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 4 weeks
    References: 4

    Related Topics - Insomnia

    Questions - Insomnia

    References

    1. Schneider-helmert D. Asymptomatic insomnia. Sleep Med. 2007;8(2):107-10 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1723... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Insomnia http://www.Mayo - Accessed: February 20, 2017. Clinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20256961
    3. Mayo Clinic Insomnia http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Wikipedia Insomnia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insomnia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mayo Clinic Insomnia http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Departments and Centers Center for Sleep Medicine in Minnesota http://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-ce... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/insomnia.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 7/10/2018.
    This page provides information for Insomnia.

    Related Topics - Insomnia

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