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Jaw Injuries and Disorders

Your jaw is a set of bones that holds your teeth. It consists of two main parts. The upper part is the maxilla. It doesn't move. The moveable lower part is called the mandible. You move it when you talk or chew. The two halves of the mandible meet at your chin. The joint where the mandible meets your skull is the temporomandibular joint.

Jaw problems include

Treatment of jaw problems depends on the cause.

Symptoms of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Pain in the face or jaw
  • bruising and swelling of the face
  • bleeding from the mouth
  • jaw stiffness
  • difficulty opening or closing the mouth
  • jaw moving to one side when opening
  • jaw tenderness or pain
  • loose or damaged teeth
  • lump or abnormal appearance of the cheek or jaw
  • numbness of the face
  • bite that feels off or crooked
  • problems talking
  • inability to close the mouth
  • drooling because of inability to close the mouth
  • locked jaw or jaw that protrudes forward
  • teeth that do not line up properly

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Common Causes of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • industrial accident
  • motor vehicle accident
  • recreational or sports injury
  • falls
  • after a dental or medical procedure

Risk Factors for Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • osteoarthritis
  • jaw injury
  • long-term grinding or clenching of teeth
  • certain connective tissue diseases which may affect the temporomandibular joint

Prevention of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Jaw Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use safety equipment during sports, work, and recreational activities
  • use mouth guards

Occurrence of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Jaw Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Jaw Injuries and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Jaw Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Fluorescent light exposure: Breaks down all the circulating bilirubin

Doctor for Diagnosis of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Dentist

Complications of Jaw Injuries and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Jaw Injuries and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Jaw Injuries and Disorders is left untreated:
  • airway blockage
  • bleeding
  • breathing blood or food into the lungs
  • difficulty eating
  • difficulty talking
  • infection of the jaw or face
  • jaw joint pain
  • numbness of part of the jaw or face
  • problems aligning the teeth
  • swelling

Procedures for Treatment of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Arthrocentesis: To remove inflammatory byproducts and debris
  • Temporomandibular joint arthroscopy: To treat a number of TMJ disorders as open-joint surgery
  • Open-joint surgery: To repair or replace the joint

Self-care for Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Do stretching before exercise: Do exercises to strengthen and stretch the jaw muscles
  • Give heat or cold treatment: Apply ice or warm, moist heat to the side of the face to relieve pain

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Jaw Injuries and Disorders:
  • Acupuncture therapy: To relieve pain
  • Relaxation techniques: Help to relax tense muscles and reduce pain

Patient Support for Treatment of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

The following actions may help Jaw Injuries and Disorders patients:
  • Counseling: To understand the factors and behaviors to avoid pain

Time for Treatment of Jaw Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Jaw Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Jaw Injuries and Disorders.
Facial Injuries and Disorders
Mouth Disorders
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
Trigeminal Neuralgia

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