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A group of chronic, inflammatory childhood disorders of unknown etiology that primarily involve joints.

Symptoms of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • joint pain
  • joint swelling
  • stiffness
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • fever
  • rashes
It is possible that Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • genetic factors
  • environmental factors

Other Causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following are the less common causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • mutation in HLA gene

Risk Factors for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • being female

Prevention of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • genetic counseling of expecting parents

Occurrence of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 10-20 years

Common Gender

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • C-reactive protein blood test: To measure levels of general inflammation in the body
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): To determine the degree of inflammation
  • Antinuclear antibody test: To get information about risk of eye inflammation
  • X-rays: To ensure joint pain is not from a fracture, cancer, infection, or congenital abnormality

Doctor for Diagnosis of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • Rheumatologist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physical therapist

Complications of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis if untreated

Yes, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is left untreated:
  • eye inflammation
  • growth problems

Procedures for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • Surgery: To improve the position of a joint

Self-care for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • Regular exercise: Promotes both muscle strength and joint flexibility
  • Healthy diet: Help to maintain an appropriate body weight
  • Applying cold or heat: To get relief from stiffness

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis:
  • Occupational therapy: Helps children by suggesting alternative ways to carry out tasks

Patient Support for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The following actions may help Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis patients:
  • Support and advocacy groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families to provide valuable services

Time for Treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.

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