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Knee Injuries and Disorders

Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty walking.

Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages. Knee problems can interfere with many things, from participation in sports to simply getting up from a chair and walking. This can have a big impact on your life.

The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis. The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling.

Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems. A common injury is to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). You usually injure your ACL by a sudden twisting motion. ACL and other knee injuries are common sports injuries.

Treatment of knee problems depends on the cause. In some cases your doctor may recommend knee replacement.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • strain
  • swelling
  • stiffness
  • pain
  • malaise
  • fatigue
  • tenderness
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of flexibility
  • decreased mobility
It is possible that Knee Injuries and Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • sports injuries
  • problems with the hips or feet
  • increased uric acid levels
  • family inheritance
  • overweight

Risk Factors for Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • obesity
  • people of all ages
  • genetically present
  • infectious disease
  • joint injuries

Prevention of Knee Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Knee Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • warm up before doing any exercise
  • avoid sudden changes in the intensity of exercise
  • wear shoes that fit properly and are in good condition
  • maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on the knee
  • prevent yourself from infections
  • prevent joints from injuries

Occurrence of Knee Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Knee Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Knee Injuries and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Knee Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • Physical examination: To determine where the pain is located
  • X ray: To produce a two-dimensional picture of the bones
  • Computerized axial tomography scan: To analyze the soft tissues with three-dimensional view of the knee
  • Ultrasound: To produce the images of the soft tissue structures
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To create pictures of areas inside the knee
  • Arthroscopy: To see inside of the knee joint

Doctor for Diagnosis of Knee Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • Rheumatologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Osteopathic physician
  • Podiatrist
  • Psychiatrist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physical therapist

Complications of Knee Injuries and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Knee Injuries and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Knee Injuries and Disorders is left untreated:
  • joints may become twisted and deformed
  • joint damage

Procedures for Treatment of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one
  • Joint repair: Reduces pain and improve function
  • Joint fusion: Removes the ends of the two bones in the joint

Self-care for Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • Regular exercise: Strengthen the muscles surrounding joints
  • Weight loss: Reduces the stress on your weight-bearing joints
  • Quit smoking: Reduces stress on connective tissues

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Knee Injuries and Disorders:
  • Acupuncture therapy: Reduce many types of pain, including that caused by some types of arthritis
  • Do yoga: Improve joint flexibility and range of motion in people with some types of arthritis
  • Intake glucosamine supplement: Relieves arthritis pain
  • Massage therapy: Increases blood flow and warm affected joints

Patient Support for Treatment of Knee Injuries and Disorders

The following actions may help Knee Injuries and Disorders patients:
  • Patient education and support: Improves or maintain function and quality of life

Time for Treatment of Knee Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Knee Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Knee Injuries and Disorders.
Knee Replacement
Leg Injuries and Disorders

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