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Leg Cramps

An involuntary contraction of a muscle supporting the femur

Symptoms of Leg Cramps

The following features are indicative of Leg Cramps:
  • sharp pain
  • lump formation
  • swelling
  • redness
  • skin changes
  • leg muscle weakness
  • muscle fatigue
  • involuntary contractions of leg muscles
  • calf muscle cramps
It is possible that Leg Cramps shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Leg Cramps

The following are the most common causes of Leg Cramps:
  • malfunctioning of nerves
  • spinal cord injury
  • pinched nerve in the neck or back

Other Causes of Leg Cramps

The following are the less common causes of Leg Cramps:
  • straining or overusing a muscle
  • dehydration
  • lack of minerals in diet or the depletion of minerals in body
  • not enough blood getting to muscles
  • electrolyte disturbance

Risk Factors for Leg Cramps

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Leg Cramps:
  • dehydration
  • pregnancy

Prevention of Leg Cramps

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Leg Cramps. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • adequate conditioning
  • stretching
  • mental preparation
  • hydration
  • electrolyte balance

Occurrence of Leg Cramps

Common Age Group

Leg Cramps can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Leg Cramps can occur in any gender.

Complications of Leg Cramps if untreated

It is not know if Leg Cramps causes complications if left untreated.

Self-care for Leg Cramps

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Leg Cramps:
  • Stretch and massage: Helps calming down spindles by lengthening the muscle fibers and increasing firing duration to slow down the firing rate of the muscle
  • Apply heat or cold: Helps relieving pain of cramped muscle
  • High fluid intake: Fluids that are high in electrolytes helps relieving cramps

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Leg Cramps

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Leg Cramps:
  • Supplements: Vitamin B-complex supplements helps managing leg cramps
  • Physical therapy and exercise: Helps patients with muscle disease lead active lives
  • Massages: Provides relief from muscle spasms
  • Acupuncture: Helps in treating muscle spasms and pain

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Leg Cramps.

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