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Although breast cancer is much more common in women, men can get it too. It happens most often to men between the ages of 60 and 70.

Breast lumps usually aren't cancer. However, most men with breast cancer have lumps. Other breast symptoms can include

  • Dimpled or puckered skin
  • A red, scaly nipple or skin
  • Fluid discharge

Risk factors for male breast cancer include exposure to radiation, a family history of breast cancer, and having high estrogen levels, which can happen with diseases like cirrhosis or Klinefelter's syndrome.

Treatment for male breast cancer is usually a mastectomy, which is surgery to remove the breast. Other treatments include radiation, chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Male Breast Cancer

The following features are indicative of Male Breast Cancer:
  • painless lump
  • thickening in the breast tissue
  • dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling of the breast
  • redness or scaling of nipple
  • discharge from the nipple
It is possible that Male Breast Cancer shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Male Breast Cancer

The following are the most common causes of Male Breast Cancer:
  • inherited gene mutations

Risk Factors for Male Breast Cancer

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Male Breast Cancer:
  • radiation exposure
  • high levels of estrogen exposure
  • family history of breast cancer
  • older age
  • Klinefelter's syndrome
  • liver disease
  • obesity
  • testicle disease or surgery

Prevention of Male Breast Cancer

No, it is not possible to prevent Male Breast Cancer.
  • genetic factor

Occurrence of Male Breast Cancer

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Male Breast Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Male Breast Cancer can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Male Breast Cancer most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Male Breast Cancer

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Male Breast Cancer:
  • Physical exam: To check the signs of disease
  • Clinical breast exam: To check the lumps or anything else that seems unusual
  • Ultrasound exam: To see the picture of the body tissues
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body
  • Blood chemistry studies: To measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood
  • Biopsy: To view the changes in the cells microscopically

Doctor for Diagnosis of Male Breast Cancer

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Male Breast Cancer:
  • Oncologist

Complications of Male Breast Cancer if untreated

Yes, Male Breast Cancer causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Male Breast Cancer is left untreated:
  • non-invasive or preinvasive breast cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Male Breast Cancer

The following procedures are used to treat Male Breast Cancer:
  • Modified radical mastectomy: Removes the breast tissue and surrounding lymph nodes
  • Radiation therapy: Eliminate any remaining cancer cells in the breast, chest muscles or armpit
  • Chemotherapy: Kill the remaining cancer cells after surgery

Medicines for Male Breast Cancer

Below is the list of medicines used for Male Breast Cancer:

Self-care for Male Breast Cancer

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Male Breast Cancer:
  • Regular meditation: Meditate to feel relaxed
  • Regular exercise: Boosts the mood
  • Do creative activities: Helps you feel less distressed
  • Relaxation exercises: Helps in refocus your mind and help you feel relax
  • Keep weight under control: Reduces the risk of breast cancer
  • Quit alcohol: Reduces the risk of breast cancer in men

Patient Support for Treatment of Male Breast Cancer

The following actions may help Male Breast Cancer patients:
  • Talking with someone: Boost the confidence in patients
  • Support groups: Join the group of individuals with similar condition

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Male Breast Cancer.

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