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Infertility is a term doctors use if a man hasn't been able to get a woman pregnant after at least one year of trying. Causes of male infertility include

  • Physical problems with the testicles
  • Blockages in the ducts that carry sperm
  • Hormone problems
  • A history of high fevers or mumps
  • Genetic disorders
  • Lifestyle or environmental factors

About a third of the time, infertility is because of a problem with the man. One third of the time, it is a problem with the woman. Sometimes no cause can be found.

If you suspect you are infertile, see your doctor. There are tests that may tell if you have fertility problems. When it is possible to find the cause, treatments may include medicines, surgery, or assisted reproductive technology. Happily, many couples treated for infertility are able to have babies.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Symptoms of Male Infertility

The following features are indicative of Male Infertility:
  • inability to conceive a child
  • problems with sexual function
  • pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • recurrent respiratory infections
  • inability to smell
  • abnormal breast growth
  • decreased facial or body hair
It is possible that Male Infertility shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Male Infertility

The following are the most common causes of Male Infertility:
  • swelling of the veins around testicles
  • retrograde ejaculation
  • antisperm antibodies presence
  • cancers and nonmalignant tumors
  • hormone imbalances
  • defects of tubules that transport sperm

Other Causes of Male Infertility

The following are the less common causes of Male Infertility:
  • Klinefelter's syndrome
  • problems with sexual intercourse
  • celiac disease
  • scrotal or testicular surgeries
  • prostate surgeries
  • exposure to industrial chemicals such as benzene, toluene, xylene, pesticides and herbicides
  • exposure to radiation or X-rays
  • alcohol use
  • tobacco smoking
  • emotional stress
  • obesity
  • certain medications such as long-term anabolic steroid use, Chemotherapy
  • testosterone replacement therapy

Risk Factors for Male Infertility

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Male Infertility:
  • smoking tobacco
  • alcohol intake
  • overweight
  • exposed to toxins
  • overheating the testicles
  • experienced trauma to the testicles
  • prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery
  • history of undescended testicles
  • born with a fertility disorder

Prevention of Male Infertility

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Male Infertility. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • don't smoke
  • limit or abstain from alcohol
  • keep the weight in control
  • don't get a vasectomy
  • avoid things that lead to prolonged heat for the testicles
  • reduce stress
  • avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy metals and other toxins

Occurrence of Male Infertility

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Male Infertility cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Male Infertility most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 40 years

Common Gender

Male Infertility most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Male Infertility

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Male Infertility:
  • Scrotal ultrasound: To produce images inside the body
  • Hormone testing: To measure the level of testosterone and other hormones
  • Post-ejaculation urinalysis: To test sperm in your urine
  • Genetic tests: To reveal whether there are changes in the Y chromosome
  • Testicular biopsy: To see sperm production
  • Transrectal ultrasound: To check the prostate and look for blockages of the tubes

Doctor for Diagnosis of Male Infertility

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Male Infertility:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Urologist

Complications of Male Infertility if untreated

Yes, Male Infertility causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Male Infertility is left untreated:
  • stress and relationship difficulties

Procedures for Treatment of Male Infertility

The following procedures are used to treat Male Infertility:
  • Surgery: Surgically corrected the obstructed part
  • Assisted reproductive technology: Obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individual

Self-care for Male Infertility

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Male Infertility:
  • Safe sexual intercourse: Have sex when fertilization is possible
  • Avoid lubrication: Avoid the use of lubricants

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Male Infertility

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Male Infertility:
  • Intake vitamins A, C, D and E, Alpha-lipoic acid, Anthocyanins, L-arginine, Astaxanthin, Beta-carotene and Biotin supplements: Help to improve male fertility

Patient Support for Treatment of Male Infertility

The following actions may help Male Infertility patients:
  • Stress-reduction techniques: Yoga, meditation and massage therapy reduces the stress
  • Counseling: Relieves stress
  • Express yourself: Talk to others and stay in touch with loved ones

Time for Treatment of Male Infertility

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Male Infertility to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Male Infertility.
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