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Metabolic Syndrome

Also called: Insulin resistance syndrome, Metabolic syndrome X

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that put you at risk for heart disease and diabetes. These conditions are

Not all doctors agree on the definition or cause of metabolic syndrome. The cause might be insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone your body produces to help you turn sugar from food into energy for your body. If you are insulin resistant, too much sugar builds up in your blood, setting the stage for disease.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

The following features are indicative of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • large waist circumference
  • increased thirst and urination
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
It is possible that Metabolic Syndrome shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Metabolic Syndrome

The following are the most common causes of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • overweight
  • insulin resistance

Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • increasing age
  • obesity
  • having diabetes
  • mexican american native

Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Metabolic Syndrome. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control your blood pressure
  • control your cholesterol levels
  • control your blood glucose

Occurrence of Metabolic Syndrome

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Metabolic Syndrome cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Metabolic Syndrome can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Metabolic Syndrome can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Metabolic Syndrome:
  • Large waist circumference: Measure waistline at least 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men
  • High triglyceride level: 50 milligrams per deciliter,(mg/dL), or 1.7 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher
  • Reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol: Less than 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L) in men or less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women of this good cholesterol
  • Increased blood pressure: 130/85 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher
  • Elevated fasting blood sugar : 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) or higher

Doctor for Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Cardiac Surgeon

Complications of Metabolic Syndrome if untreated

Yes, Metabolic Syndrome causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Metabolic Syndrome is left untreated:
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease

Self-care for Metabolic Syndrome

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • Take Heart-healthy diet: Keep the heart health and reduces the chances of disease
  • Have healthy weight: Keeps the hormonal and metabolic normal
  • Quit smoking: Keep the cholesterol and blood pressure in control

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Metabolic Syndrome:
  • Consume dietary supplementation with chromium picolinate: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Intake cinnamon extract supplements: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Do yoga, tai chi, qigong and meditation: Improves the indices of the metabolic syndrome

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Metabolic Syndrome.
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