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Mitral Regurgitation

The backward flow of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium, owing to insufficiency of the mitral valve; it may be acute or chronic, usually due to mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic heart disease or a complication of cardiac dilatation

Symptoms of Mitral Regurgitation

The following features are indicative of Mitral Regurgitation:
  • abnormal heart sound heard
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • heart palpitations
  • swollen feet or ankles

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Common Causes of Mitral Regurgitation

The following are the most common causes of Mitral Regurgitation:
  • mitral valve prolapse
  • damaged tissue cords
  • rheumatic fever
  • endocarditis
  • heart attack
  • abnormality of the heart muscle
  • trauma
  • congenital heart defects
  • radiation therapy
  • atrial fibrillation

Risk Factors for Mitral Regurgitation

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Mitral Regurgitation:
  • history of mitral valve prolapse
  • history of mitral valve stenosis
  • heart attack
  • congenital heart disease
  • middle age
  • rheumatic fever

Prevention of Mitral Regurgitation

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mitral Regurgitation. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain blood pressure
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • avoid tobacco
  • avoid alcohol
  • getting regular physical activity

Occurrence of Mitral Regurgitation

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Mitral Regurgitation cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Mitral Regurgitation can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Mitral Regurgitation can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mitral Regurgitation

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mitral Regurgitation:
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): Detect enlarged chambers of the heart and abnormal heart rhythms
  • Chest X-ray: To view the picture of the heart, lungs and blood vessels
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To assess the size and function of the lower left heart chamber
  • Stress tests: Different exercise tests help measure the activity tolerance and monitor heart's response to physical exertion

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mitral Regurgitation

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mitral Regurgitation:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Mitral Regurgitation if untreated

Yes, Mitral Regurgitation causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mitral Regurgitation is left untreated:
  • heart failure
  • atrial fibrillation
  • pulmonary hypertension

Procedures for Treatment of Mitral Regurgitation

The following procedures are used to treat Mitral Regurgitation:
  • Mitral valve replacement: To remove the damaged valve and replaces it with a mechanical valve

Self-care for Mitral Regurgitation

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mitral Regurgitation:
  • avoid high-sodium foods
  • Eat low-salt diet: Don't add salt to food because it increases pressure on the heart
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • Cut back on caffeine: Caffeine can worsen irregular heartbeats
  • Cut back on alcohol: Heavy alcohol use can cause arrhythmias and make symptoms worse

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Mitral Regurgitation.

Related Topics

Mitral Regurgitation

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