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Monkeypox is a rare viral disease. It occurs mostly in central and western Africa. Wild rodents and squirrels carry it, but it is called monkeypox because scientists saw it first in lab monkeys. In 2003, it was reported in prairie dogs and humans in the U.S.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following features are indicative of Monkeypox Virus Infections:
  • fever
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • exhaustion
  • backache
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • chills
  • rash
It is possible that Monkeypox Virus Infections shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following are the most common causes of Monkeypox Virus Infections:
  • monkeypox virus

Risk Factors for Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Monkeypox Virus Infections:
  • living in Rural Communities

Prevention of Monkeypox Virus Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Monkeypox Virus Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus
  • avoid contact with any materials that has been in contact with a sick animal
  • avoid contact with infected patients
  • practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans
  • use personal protective equipment

Occurrence of Monkeypox Virus Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Monkeypox Virus Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Monkeypox Virus Infections can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Monkeypox Virus Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Monkeypox Virus Infections:
  • Lymphadenopathy: To distinguish monkeypox virus from smallpox
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: To diagnose the monkeypox virus
  • Antigen detection tests: To detect the monkeypox virus
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay: To diagnose the monkeypox virus
  • Virus isolation by cell culture: To detect the monkeypox virus

Complications of Monkeypox Virus Infections if untreated

Yes, Monkeypox Virus Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Monkeypox Virus Infections is left untreated:
  • conjunctivitis

Self-care for Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Monkeypox Virus Infections:
  • Get vaccinated against smallpox
  • By controlling infection in healthcare settings
  • Be aware about monkeypox virus: By raising awareness of the risk factors about the monkeypox virus
  • Banning the movement of small African mammals and monkeys

Patient Support for Treatment of Monkeypox Virus Infections

The following actions may help Monkeypox Virus Infections patients:
  • Education: By educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to the monkeypox virus

Time for Treatment of Monkeypox Virus Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Monkeypox Virus Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Is Monkeypox Virus Infections Infectious?

Yes, Monkeypox Virus Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • respiratory droplets
  • direct contact with body fluids or lesion material
  • contaminated clothing or linens

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Monkeypox Virus Infections.

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