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Imagine if parts of your body moved when you didn't want them to. If you have a movement disorder, you experience these kinds of impaired movement. Dyskinesia is abnormal uncontrolled movement and is a common symptom of many movement disorders. Tremors are a type of dyskinesia.

Nerve diseases cause many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. Other causes include injuries, autoimmune diseases, infections and certain medicines. Many movement disorders are inherited, which means they run in families.

Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.

Symptoms of Movement Disorders

The following features are indicative of Movement Disorders:
  • dyskinesia
  • ataxia
  • chorea
  • dystonia
  • tremors
  • restless legs
  • voluntary or involuntary movements
  • slow or reduced movements
  • biting self
  • hand shaking or waving
  • head banging
  • hitting own body
  • mouthing of objects
  • nail biting
  • rigidity

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Common Causes of Movement Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Movement Disorders:
  • nerve diseases
  • injuries
  • autoimmune diseases
  • infections
  • genetic factors

Other Causes of Movement Disorders

The following are the less common causes of Movement Disorders:
  • stress
  • frustration
  • boredom

Risk Factors for Movement Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Movement Disorders:
  • Wilson's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Huntington's disease
  • Tourette syndrome
  • tardive dyskinesia
  • restless legs syndrome
  • progressive supranuclear palsy
  • multiple system atrophy

Prevention of Movement Disorders

No, it is not possible to prevent Movement Disorders.
  • genetic factors

Occurrence of Movement Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Movement Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Movement Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Movement Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Movement Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Movement Disorders:
  • Electromyography (EMG): To assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To diagnose movement disorders
  • Positron emission tomography (PET): To diagnose movement disorders
  • Movement neurophysiology test: To diagnose movement disorders
  • Physical exam: To diagnose autism, chorea disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Metabolic screening: To determine the dominant type of movement disorder and to make differential diagnosis of the particular disorder
  • CSF examination: To determine the dominant type of movement disorder and to make differential diagnosis of the particular disorder

Doctor for Diagnosis of Movement Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Movement Disorders:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Movement Disorders if untreated

Yes, Movement Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Movement Disorders is left untreated:
  • interference with normal social functioning

Procedures for Treatment of Movement Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Movement Disorders:
  • Deep brain stimulation: To regulate abnormal impulses
  • Surgery: To destroy the part of brain that is causing symptoms
  • Botulinum neurotoxin: To block nerve signals that cause muscle spasms

Self-care for Movement Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Movement Disorders:
  • Regular exercise: Helps increasing muscle strength, flexibility and balance
  • Eat healthy eating: Reduces symptoms of Parkinson's disease
  • Avoiding falls: Helps preventing injuries

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Movement Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Movement Disorders:
  • Behavioral techniques: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders
  • Psychotherapy: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders

Patient Support for Treatment of Movement Disorders

The following actions may help Movement Disorders patients:
  • Support groups: Join support groups for practical information about Parkinson's disease
  • Psychologist support: Helps discussing things to reduce stress

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Movement Disorders.

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