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Mumps is an illness caused by the mumps virus. It starts with

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite

After that, the salivary glands under the ears or jaw become swollen and tender. The swelling can be on one or both sides of the face. Symptoms last 7 to 10 days. Serious complications are rare.

You can catch mumps by being with another person who has it. There is no treatment for mumps, but the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can prevent it.

Before the routine vaccination program in the United States, mumps was a common illness in infants, children and young adults. Now it is a rare disease in the U.S.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Mumps

The following features are indicative of Mumps:
  • fever
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • tiredness
  • loss of appetite
  • pain while chewing or swallowing
  • parotitis
  • dry mouth
  • sore face or ears
  • difficulty in talking
It is possible that Mumps shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Mumps

The following are the most common causes of Mumps:
  • mumps virus

Prevention of Mumps

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mumps. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination

Occurrence of Mumps

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Mumps cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Extremely rare less than 1000 cases

Common Age Group

Mumps can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Mumps can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mumps

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mumps:
  • Virus culture:To detect the antibodies in the body that are fighting the mumps virus
  • Blood test: To detect the antibodies in the body that are fighting the mumps virus

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mumps

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mumps:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Mumps if untreated

Yes, Mumps causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mumps is left untreated:
  • painful testicular inflammation
  • increased rate of spontaneous abortion
  • encephalitis
  • ovarian inflammation
  • pancreatitis
  • brain inflammation
  • hearing loss

Procedures for Treatment of Mumps

The following procedures are used to treat Mumps:
  • Ice or heat therapy: Application of intermittent ice or heat to the affected neck or testicular area to relieve the pain

Self-care for Mumps

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mumps:
  • Increase fluid intake: Drink plenty of fluids to reduce symptoms
  • Avoid sour foods: To reduce stimulation of saliva production
  • Wear an athletic supporter: To ease the pain of tender testicles
  • Use a warm or cold compress: To ease the pain of swollen glands
  • Take rest: To combat fever
  • Stay in isolated place: To prevent spreading the disease to others

Time for Treatment of Mumps

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Mumps to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Mumps Infectious?

Yes, Mumps is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • respiratory secretions
  • coughing
  • sneezing
  • sharing eating utensils or cups

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/14/2019.
This page provides information for Mumps.

Related Topics

Childhood Immunization
Mumps - 1 learning sets

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