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Muscle Disorders

Also called: Myopathy

Your muscles help you move and help your body work. Different types of muscles have different jobs. There are many problems that can affect muscles. Muscle disorders can cause weakness, pain or even paralysis.

Causes of muscle disorders include

Sometimes the cause is not known.

Symptoms of Muscle Disorders

The following features are indicative of Muscle Disorders:
  • muscle weakness
  • pain
  • muscle cramps
  • stiffness
  • spasm
It is possible that Muscle Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Muscle Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Muscle Disorders:
  • injury
  • overuse of muscles
  • genetically present
  • infections
  • diseases of nerves that affect muscles

Risk Factors for Muscle Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Muscle Disorders:
  • young boys
  • family history
  • high intensity forces
  • highly repetitive exertions
  • physical environmental factors
  • psychosocial factors

Prevention of Muscle Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Muscle Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid overloading
  • avoid manual handling
  • lowering the mechanical load during the performance of occupational worker
  • maintaining favourable postures
  • limiting exposure time

Occurrence of Muscle Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Muscle Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Muscle Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Muscle Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Muscle Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Muscle Disorders:
  • Physical examination: To view the signs of pain, redness, and swelling, as well as muscle weakness or atrophy
  • X-rays: To evaluate the bones and soft tissues
  • Blood tests: To determine the rheumatic diseases
  • Electromyography: To evaluate the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them
  • Needle biopsy: To diagnose the medical condition and assess the progress of a treatment

Doctor for Diagnosis of Muscle Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Muscle Disorders:
  • Orthopedists
  • Physical and occupational therapists
  • Cardiologists
  • Dieticians
  • Genetic counselors
  • Neurologists
  • Nurse case managers
  • Social workers
  • Speech pathologists

Complications of Muscle Disorders if untreated

Yes, Muscle Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Muscle Disorders is left untreated:
  • paralysis
  • inability to walk
  • shortening of muscles or tendons around joints
  • breathing problems
  • scoliosis
  • heart problems
  • swallowing problems

Procedures for Treatment of Muscle Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Muscle Disorders:
  • Surgery: To support weakened muscles and treat muscle disorders

Self-care for Muscle Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Muscle Disorders:
  • Exercise regularly: Helps in increasing muscle strength, flexibility and balance

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Muscle Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Muscle Disorders:
  • Get physical therapy and do exercise: Helps patients with muscle disease lead active lives
  • Get massage: Provides relief from muscle spasms
  • Acupuncture: Helps in treating muscle spasms and pain

Patient Support for Treatment of Muscle Disorders

The following actions may help Muscle Disorders patients:
  • Support groups: By joining support groups provides information about the neuromuscular disorders
  • Seek out other families who are dealing with the same issues: Good source of understanding and support

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Muscle Disorders.
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Movement Disorders
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Neuromuscular Disorders
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