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Muscle spasm of back

A sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles

Symptoms of Muscle spasm of back

The following features are indicative of Muscle spasm of back:
  • muscle ache
  • shooting pain
  • stabbing pain
  • pain that radiates down the leg
  • limited flexibility or range of motion of the back

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Common Causes of Muscle spasm of back

The following are the most common causes of Muscle spasm of back:
  • muscle strain
  • ligament strain
  • bulging or ruptured discs
  • arthritis
  • skeletal irregularities
  • osteoporosis

Other Causes of Muscle spasm of back

The following are the less common causes of Muscle spasm of back:
  • spinal osteomyelitis
  • epidural abscesses
  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • ureteral colic

Risk Factors for Muscle spasm of back

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Muscle spasm of back:
  • age 30 or 40
  • lack of exercise
  • excess weight
  • improper lifting
  • psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety
  • smoking

Prevention of Muscle spasm of back

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Muscle spasm of back. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise regularly
  • build muscle strength and flexibility
  • maintain a healthy weight

Occurrence of Muscle spasm of back

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Muscle spasm of back cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Muscle spasm of back most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Muscle spasm of back can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Muscle spasm of back

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Muscle spasm of back:
  • X-ray: To take the images that show the alignment of the bones and whether having arthritis or broken bones
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To generate images that may reveal herniated disks or problems with muscles
  • Blood test: To determine the infection or other condition that might be causing pain
  • Bone scan: To look for bone tumors or compression fractures caused by osteoporosis

Complications of Muscle spasm of back if untreated

Yes, Muscle spasm of back causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Muscle spasm of back is left untreated:
  • depression
  • decreased muscle tone
  • blood clots in the legs
  • cauda equina syndrome
  • ruptured disc

Self-care for Muscle spasm of back

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Muscle spasm of back:
  • if an object is too heavy or awkward, get help
  • do not twist while bending down for the object, lifting it up, or carrying it

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Muscle spasm of back

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Muscle spasm of back:
  • Physical therapy and exercise: To reduce the pain due to spasm
  • Chiropractic care: To ease pain of spine
  • Acupuncture: This therapy uses fine needles inserted at specific points on the skin to reduce pain
  • Yoga: Yoga may help to improve joint flexibility
  • Massage: Improves joint pain and stiffness

Time for Treatment of Muscle spasm of back

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Muscle spasm of back to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Muscle spasm of back.

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