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Neck Injuries and Disorders

Any part of your neck - muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, or nerves - can cause neck problems. Neck pain is very common. Pain may also come from your shoulder, jaw, head, or upper arms.

Muscle strain or tension often causes neck pain. The problem is usually overuse, such as from sitting at a computer for too long. Sometimes you can strain your neck muscles from sleeping in an awkward position or overdoing it during exercise. Falls or accidents, including car accidents, are another common cause of neck pain. Whiplash, a soft tissue injury to the neck, is also called neck sprain or strain.

Treatment depends on the cause, but may include applying ice, taking pain relievers, getting physical therapy or wearing a cervical collar. You rarely need surgery.

Symptoms of Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • bony projections along the edges of bones
  • tingling, numbness and weakness in the arms, hands, legs or feet
  • lack of coordination
  • difficulty in walking
  • loss of bladder or bowel control
  • muscle tightness and spasms
  • decreased ability to move your head
  • headache
It is possible that Neck Injuries and Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • dehydrated discs
  • herniated discs
  • bone spurs
  • stiff ligaments
  • muscle strains
  • nerve compression
  • injuries
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • meningitis

Risk Factors for Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • aging
  • neck injuries
  • genetic factors
  • smoking

Prevention of Neck Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Neck Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use good posture when standing and sitting
  • take frequent breaks while travelling
  • quit smoking
  • sleep in a good position

Occurrence of Neck Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Neck Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Neck Injuries and Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Neck Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • Neck X-ray: To indicate cervical spondylosis
  • CT scan: To provide more detailed imaging
  • Myelography: To get more detailed X-ray or CT imaging
  • Nerve function tests: To determine if nerve signals are traveling properly to the muscles
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • To measures the electrical activity in the nerves

Doctor for Diagnosis of Neck Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • Rheumatologist
  • Neurologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon

Complications of Neck Injuries and Disorders if untreated

It is not know if Neck Injuries and Disorders causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • Surgery: To remove the herniated disk or bone spurs

Self-care for Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • Regular exercise: Helps in speedy recovery
  • Heat or ice treatment: Ease sore neck muscles
  • Use soft neck brace: Allows the neck muscles to rest

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Neck Injuries and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Neck Injuries and Disorders:
  • Acupuncture: Reduces the pain
  • Get chiropractic therapy: Provide short-term pain relief
  • Get massage: Manipulates the muscles in the neck

Time for Treatment of Neck Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Neck Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Neck Injuries and Disorders.
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