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Distinct from Hodgkin lymphoma both morphologically and biologically, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is characterized by the absence of Reed-Sternberg cells, can occur at any age, and usually presents as a localized or generalized lymphadenopathy associated with fever and weight loss. The clinical course varies according to the morphologic type. NHL is clinically classified as indolent, aggressive, or having a variable clinical course. NHL can be of B-or T-/NK-cell lineage.

Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following features are indicative of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • painless, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin
  • abdominal pain or swelling
  • chest pain, coughing or trouble breathing
  • persistent fatigue
  • fever
  • night sweats
  • unexplained weight loss

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Common Causes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following are the most common causes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • too many abnormal lymphocytes in the body

Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • individuals who take medications that suppress the immune system
  • infection with certain viruses and bacteria
  • use of certain chemicals to kill insects and weeds
  • older age

Prevention of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain a healthy immune system
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • eat a healthy diet

Occurrence of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • Physical examination: To diagnose the size and condition of lymph nodes
  • Blood and urine tests: To diagnose infection and other disease
  • Imaging tests: To diagnose tumors in the body
  • Biopsy: To get a sample of lymph node for testing

Doctor for Diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • Hematologist
  • Oncologist

Complications of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma if untreated

Yes, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma is left untreated:
  • bone marrow lesions
  • bone and neurologic lesions
  • cervical lymphadenopathy

Procedures for Treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following procedures are used to treat Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells or reduce tumors with high-powered energy beams
  • Stem cell transplant: To kill lymphoma cells

Self-care for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • quit smoking
  • avoid the use of tobacco
  • do regular exercise to prevent lymphoma

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
  • Massage therapy: Relax muscles and alleviate body pain
  • Do meditation: To ease the side effects of medicines
  • Do relaxation exercises: Helps in reducing stress

Patient Support for Treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The following actions may help Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma patients:
  • Education: Learn about this disease to treat or prevent its symptoms
  • Keep friends and family close: To get practical support from friends and family

Time for Treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

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