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A disorder characterized by inflammation of the optic nerve. Causes include autoimmune disorders, infections, toxins, drugs, and multiple sclerosis. It may manifest with acute loss of vision and pain

Symptoms of optic neuritis

The following features are indicative of optic neuritis:
  • vision loss in one eye
  • seeing flashing lights with eye movement
  • seeing flickering lights with eye movement
  • loss of color vision
  • pain on eye movement
  • visual field loss

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Common Causes of optic neuritis

The following are the most common causes of optic neuritis:
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neuromyelitis optica
  • infection
  • sarcoidosis
  • lupus
  • use of quinine

Risk Factors for optic neuritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of optic neuritis:
  • adult age between 20 and 40
  • being women
  • White people
  • genetic mutations

Prevention of optic neuritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent optic neuritis.

Occurrence of optic neuritis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of optic neuritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

optic neuritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

optic neuritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of optic neuritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect optic neuritis:
  • Routine eye exam: To check eye vision
  • Ophthalmoscopy: To examine the structures at the back of eye
  • Pupillary light reaction test: To see how pupils respond
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To make pictures of body
  • Blood test: To check for antibodies for neuromyelitis optica
  • OCT (Optical coherence tomography): To measure the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer
  • Visual evoked response test: To record brain's responses to the visual stimuli

Complications of optic neuritis if untreated

Yes, optic neuritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if optic neuritis is left untreated:
  • optic nerve damage
  • decreased visual acuity
  • side effects of treatment such as mood changes, weight gain and infection

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of optic neuritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of optic neuritis:
  • Plasma exchange therapy: Helps to recover vision and treat optic neuritis

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for optic neuritis.
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Optic neuritis - 1 learning sets

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