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Orthostatic hypotension

Sudden fall of the blood pressure of at least 20/10 mm Hg when a person stands up

Symptoms of Orthostatic hypotension

The following features are indicative of Orthostatic hypotension:
  • lightheadedness
  • weakness
  • tiredness
  • blurred vision
  • tremulousness
  • vertigo
  • anxiety
  • palpitations
  • sweaty feeling
  • nausea

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Common Causes of Orthostatic hypotension

The following are the most common causes of Orthostatic hypotension:
  • older age
  • hypovolemia
  • dehydration
  • pregnancy
  • anemia
  • hot weather

Risk Factors for Orthostatic hypotension

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Orthostatic hypotension:
  • older age
  • pregnancy
  • heat exposure
  • certain medications such as diuretics, alpha blockers, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and nitrates, etc
  • certain diseases related to heart, nervous system disorders, neuropathy, etc
  • alcohol

Prevention of Orthostatic hypotension

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Orthostatic hypotension.

Occurrence of Orthostatic hypotension

Common Age Group

Orthostatic hypotension can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Orthostatic hypotension can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Orthostatic hypotension

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Orthostatic hypotension:
  • Blood pressure test: To monitor blood pressure while standing or sitting
  • Blood test: To test for hypoglycemia or anemia
  • ECG (Electrocardiogram): To detect irregularities in heart rhythm
  • Tilt table test: To evaluate changes in body position

Complications of Orthostatic hypotension if untreated

Yes, Orthostatic hypotension causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Orthostatic hypotension is left untreated:
  • falls
  • stroke
  • cardiovascular diseases

Self-care for Orthostatic hypotension

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Orthostatic hypotension:
  • Drink more fluids: To remain hydrated
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: To prevent from dehydration
  • avoid standing for long period
  • Elevate head in bed: To help in fight with the effects of gravity

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Orthostatic hypotension.

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