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    Health    Osteoarthritis
    Also called: Degenerative joint disease, OA, Osteoarthrosis

    Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in your joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.

    Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.

    Risk factors for osteoarthritis include

    • Being overweight
    • Getting older
    • Injuring a joint

    No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use several methods, including medical history, a physical exam, x-rays, or lab tests.

    Treatments include exercise, medicines, and sometimes surgery.

    NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

    Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

    The following features are indicative of Osteoarthritis:
    • joint pain
    • tenderness
    • joint stiffness
    • loss of flexibility
    • grating sensation
    • bone spurs
    It is possible that Osteoarthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Osteoarthritis

    The following are the most common causes of Osteoarthritis:
    • deteriorated cartilage
    • previous joint injury
    • abnormal joint or limb development
    • inherited factors
    References: 3, 4

    Risk Factors of Osteoarthritis

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Osteoarthritis:
    • older age
    • being women
    • obesity
    • genetic factor
    • bone deformities
    • joint injuries

    Prevention of Osteoarthritis

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Osteoarthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • maintain healthy body weight
    • exercise regularly
    References: 5

    Occurrence of Osteoarthritis.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Osteoarthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Osteoarthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged > 50 years

    Common Gender

    Osteoarthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Osteoarthritis:
    • X-rays: To view bone spurs around a joint
    • Magnetic resonance imaging: To obtain the detailed images of bone and soft tissues
    • Blood tests: To evaluate the causes of joint pain
    • Joint fluid analysis: To determine the inflammation and pain in your joints
    • Physical examination: To examine the affected joint
    References: 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
    • Rheumatologist
    • Orthopedic surgeons

    Complications of Osteoarthritis if Untreated

    Yes, Osteoarthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Osteoarthritis is left untreated:
    • severe joint pain and stiffness
    References: 3

    Procedures for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

    The following procedures are used to treat Osteoarthritis:
    • Joint replacement surgery: Replaces the damaged joint surfaces with plastic and metal parts
    • Osteotomy: Cuts are made across the bone either above or below the knee to removes or adds a wedge of bone
    • Injections of hyaluronic acid: Provides relief from pain
    References: 6

    Self-care for Osteoarthritis

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Osteoarthritis:
    • Regular physical therapy: Strengthen the muscles around your joint, raises your range of motion and lowers the pain
    • Use Occupational therapy: Relieves the pain
    • Tai chi and yoga: Lowers the stress and reduces the osteoarthritis pain and improve movements
    References: 6

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Osteoarthritis:
    • Acupuncture: Relieves pain and improve function in people who have knee osteoarthritis
    • Intake glucosamine and chondroitin supplements: Beneficial for people with osteoarthritis
    • Use avocado-soybean unsaponifiables dietary supplements: Prevents joint damage
    References: 6

    Patient Support for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

    The following actions may help Osteoarthritis patients:
    • Talk to your doctor: Provides you the ideas about how to cope with the disease and can refer you to someone who can help
    References: 7

    Time for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Osteoarthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 4

    Related Topics - Osteoarthritis

    Questions - Osteoarthritis

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Osteoarthritis

    Latest news and updates related to Osteoarthritis. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Positive Results for Novel Osteoarthritis Pain Treatment in Phase 3 Trial

    Thursday, August 16, 2018 -- Change in pain and physical function score from baseline were chosen as the co-primary endpoints.

    Dietary carbohydrates linked to increased risk of osteoarthritis

    Friday, August 10, 2018 -- Do your knees ache? According to new findings from the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, your diet could be a culprit.

    Knee Load Associated With Increased Walking Pain in Osteoarthritis

    Thursday, August 09, 2018 -- Researchers examine the association between the knee adduction moment and increased knee pain during walking in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    What interventions can improve quality of life or psychosocial factors of individuals with knee osteoarthritis? A systematic review with meta-analysis of primary outcomes from randomised controlled trials

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018 -- Objective To systematically review evidence of primary outcomes from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of treatment strategies on quality of life (QoL) or psychosocial factors in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Data sources Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Web of Science were searched from inception to November 2017. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies We included RCTs investigating the effect of conservative interventions on QoL or psychosocial factors in individuals with knee OA. Only RCTs considering these outcomes as primary were included. Results Pooled data supported the use of exercise therapy compared with controls for improving health-related and knee-related QoL. There was limited evidence

    EULAR Releases 2018 Guideline on Physical Activity in Inflammatory Arthritis, Osteoarthritis

    Thursday, July 26, 2018 -- The European League Against Rheumatism has issued their 2018 recommendations for physical activity in patients with inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis.


    1. Heidari B. Knee osteoarthritis prevalence, risk factors, pathogenesis and features: Part I. Caspian J Intern Med. 2011;2(2):205-12 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Osteoarthritis http://www.Mayo - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Wikipedia Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mayo Clinic Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/06/2018.
    This page provides information for Osteoarthritis.

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