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Pain is a feeling triggered in the nervous system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain in one area of your body, such as your back, abdomen, chest, or pelvis. Or you may feel pain all over, such as when your muscles ache from the flu.

Pain can be helpful in diagnosing a problem. Without pain, you might seriously hurt yourself without knowing it, or you might not realize you have a medical problem that needs treatment. Once you take care of the problem, pain usually goes away. However, sometimes pain goes on for weeks, months or even years. This is called chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is due to an ongoing cause, such as cancer or arthritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

Fortunately, there are many ways to treat pain. Treatment varies depending on the cause of pain. Pain relievers, acupuncture, and sometimes surgery are helpful.

Symptoms of Pain

The following features are indicative of Pain:
  • unpleasantness
  • excitement
  • distraction
It is possible that Pain shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

Common Causes of Pain

The following are the most common causes of Pain:
  • damage to body tissues
  • nerve endings stimulation
  • headache
  • fibromyalgia
  • injury

Risk Factors for Pain

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pain:
  • genetic factor
  • being male
  • long term health problems
  • psychological factors
  • social factors

Prevention of Pain

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pain. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • regular exercise
  • building muscle strength and flexibility
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • using proper body mechanics

Occurrence of Pain

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Pain cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pain can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Pain can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pain

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pain:
  • Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI): Helps assessing the psychosocial state of a person with chronic pain
  • Multi resonance imaging: Helps giving good correlations with self-reported pain

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pain

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pain:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Pain if Untreated

Yes, Pain causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pain is left untreated:
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • sleep disturbances
  • psychological problems

Procedures for Treatment of Pain

The following procedures are used to treat Pain:
  • Surgery: To reduce disease related pain

Medicines for Pain

Below is the list of medicines used for Pain:

Self-care for Pain

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pain:
  • Take proper rest: Helps relieving stress-induced pain

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pain

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pain:
  • Do meditation: Helps coping with pain
  • Do yoga: Helps coping with pain
  • Get tai chi therapy: Helps coping with pain
  • Acupuncture: Helps to relieve symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Pain

The following actions may help Pain patients:
  • Join Interdisciplinary Pain Program: Share the same beliefs and mission helps reducing pain
  • Pain rehabilitation centers: Helps managing pain

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/02/2018.
This page provides information for Pain.