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Paronychia

An acute or chronic infection of the soft tissues around the nail. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, erythema, and swelling around the nail. Acute infection results from minor trauma to the fingertip and Staphylococcus aureus is usually the causative agent. Chronic infection is usually caused by Candida albicans.

Symptoms of Paronychia

The following features are indicative of Paronychia:
  • pain in the fingers
  • pus
  • redness
  • swelling
  • tenderness

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Common Causes of Paronychia

The following are the most common causes of Paronychia:
  • bacterial infection
  • fungal infection
  • yeast infection

Risk Factors for Paronychia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Paronychia:
  • diabetes
  • repeatedly washing hands
  • trauma to the cuticle

Prevention of Paronychia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Paronychia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • do not bite or pick the nails
  • protect the nails from exposure to detergents
  • protect the nails from chemicals by using rubber or plastic gloves

Occurrence of Paronychia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Paronychia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Paronychia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Paronychia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Paronychia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Paronychia:
  • Physical examination: To determine the type of infection

Doctor for Diagnosis of Paronychia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Paronychia:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Paronychia if untreated

Yes, Paronychia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Paronychia is left untreated:
  • abscess
  • permanent changes in the shape of the nail
  • spread of infection to tendons, bones, or bloodstream

Procedures for Treatment of Paronychia

The following procedures are used to treat Paronychia:
  • Surgery: To remove affected part of the nail and drain the sore

Self-care for Paronychia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Paronychia:
  • Soak nail in warm water 2 or 3 times a day: Helps reduce swelling and pain

Time for Treatment of Paronychia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Paronychia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Paronychia.

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