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Pericardial Disorders

The pericardium is a membrane, or sac, that surrounds your heart. It holds the heart in place and helps it work properly. Problems with the pericardium include

  • Pericarditis - an inflammation of the sac. It can be from a virus or other infection, a heart attack, heart surgery, other medical conditions, injuries, and certain medicines.
  • Pericardial effusion - the buildup of fluid in the sac
  • Cardiac tamponade - a serious problem in which buildup of fluid in the sac causes problems with the function of the heart

Symptoms of pericardial problems include chest pain, rapid heartbeat, and difficulty breathing. Fever is a common symptom of acute pericarditis. Your doctor may use a physical exam, imaging tests, and heart tests to make a diagnosis. Treatment depends on the cause.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Pericardial Disorders

The following features are indicative of Pericardial Disorders:
  • chest pain
  • rapid heartbeat
  • difficulty in breathing
  • fever
  • shortness of breath
  • difficulty in breathing
  • discomfort when breathing while lying down
  • chest fullness
It is possible that Pericardial Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Pericardial Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Pericardial Disorders:
  • inflammation of the pericardium following heart surgery
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • spread of lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease
  • cancer of the pericardium or heart
  • radiation therapy for cancer
  • waste products in the blood due to kidney failure
  • hypothyroidism
  • viral infections
  • bacterial infections
  • fungal infections
  • parasitic infections

Risk Factors for Pericardial Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pericardial Disorders:
  • smoking
  • high cholesterol
  • viral infections

Prevention of Pericardial Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pericardial Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • stop smoking
  • keep the blood pressure in control
  • keep the cholesterol in control
  • eat a balanced diet

Occurrence of Pericardial Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pericardial Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pericardial Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Pericardial Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pericardial Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pericardial Disorders:
  • Medical exam: To listen the heart beat with a stethoscope
  • Echocardiogram: To create real-time images of the heart
  • Transthoracic echocardiogram: To test the uses a sound-emitted by the heart
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram: To get more-detailed image of the heart
  • Electrocardiogram: To record the electrical signals as they travel through the heart
  • Chest X-ray: To see an enlarged heart silhouette

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pericardial Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pericardial Disorders:
  • Cardiologist
  • Cardiac Surgeon

Complications of Pericardial Disorders if untreated

Yes, Pericardial Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pericardial Disorders is left untreated:
  • heart failure
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Pericardial Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Pericardial Disorders:
  • Drain the fluid: Drain out fluid filled
  • Open heart surgery: Drain the pericardium and repair the damage
  • Pericardiectomy: Removal of pericardium

Self-care for Pericardial Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pericardial Disorders:
  • Stop smoking: Reduces the risk of disease
  • Control the blood pressure: Decreases the recurrence of disorder
  • Check the cholesterol: Keep the heart healthy

Time for Treatment of Pericardial Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pericardial Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pericardial Disorders.

Related Topics

Heart Attack
Heart Diseases

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