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Peritoneal Disorders

Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue.

Disorders of the peritoneum are not common. They include

  • Peritonitis - an inflammation of the peritoneum
  • Cancer
  • Complications from peritoneal dialysis

Your doctor may use imaging tests or lab tests to analyze the peritoneal fluid to diagnose the problem. Treatment of peritoneal disorders depends on the cause.

Symptoms of Peritoneal Disorders

The following features are indicative of Peritoneal Disorders:
  • abdominal pain or tenderness
  • bloating
  • feeling of fullness in abdomen
  • fever
  • nausea and vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • diarrhea
  • low urine output
  • thirst
  • inability to pass stool or gas
  • fatigue
  • cloudy dialysis fluid
  • white flecks, strands or clumps in the dialysis fluid
  • weight loss
  • swelling
  • bowel obstruction
  • blood clotting abnormalities
  • anemia
  • fever
  • pain
  • trouble swallowing
  • swelling of the neck or face
It is possible that Peritoneal Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Peritoneal Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Peritoneal Disorders:
  • medical procedures like peritoneal dialysis
  • ruptured appendix
  • stomach ulcer
  • perforated colon
  • pancreatitis
  • diverticulitis
  • trauma

Risk Factors for Peritoneal Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Peritoneal Disorders:
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • family history

Prevention of Peritoneal Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Peritoneal Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wash hands thoroughly
  • clean skin with antiseptic
  • wear surgical mask
  • do not sleep with pets

Occurrence of Peritoneal Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Peritoneal Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Peritoneal Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Peritoneal Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Peritoneal Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Peritoneal Disorders:
  • Blood tests: To determine bacteria in body
  • Imaging tests: To check for holes or other perforations in gastrointestinal tract
  • Peritoneal fluid analysis: To check the count of white blood cells

Doctor for Diagnosis of Peritoneal Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Peritoneal Disorders:
  • General surgeon

Complications of Peritoneal Disorders if untreated

Yes, Peritoneal Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Peritoneal Disorders is left untreated:
  • bloodstream infection
  • sepsis
  • shock
  • organ failure

Procedures for Treatment of Peritoneal Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Peritoneal Disorders:
  • Surgery: To remove infected tissue

Self-care for Peritoneal Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Peritoneal Disorders:
  • Wash hands thoroughly: Helps reducing peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis
  • Clean skin with antiseptic: Helps reducing infections
  • Wear surgical mask: Helps reducing peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis
  • Do not sleep with pets: Helps treating infections

Time for Treatment of Peritoneal Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Peritoneal Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Peritoneal Disorders.

Related Topics

Abdominal Pain
Dialysis

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