Peritonsillar Abscess

An abscess that develops in the space surrounding one or both palatine tonsils.

Symptoms of Peritonsillar Abscess

The following features are indicative of Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • throat pain
  • fever
  • change to the voice
  • trouble opening the mouth
  • ear pain on the side of the abscess
  • headache
  • tender glands of the jaw and throat
  • inability to swallow saliva
  • facial or neck swelling

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Common Causes of Peritonsillar Abscess

The following are the most common causes of Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • bacteria group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
  • partially treated episode of acute tonsillitis

Risk Factors for Peritonsillar Abscess

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • chronic tonsillitis

Prevention of Peritonsillar Abscess

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Peritonsillar Abscess. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • begin treatment for tonsillitis immediately

Occurrence of Peritonsillar Abscess

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Peritonsillar Abscess cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Peritonsillar Abscess can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Peritonsillar Abscess can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Peritonsillar Abscess

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • Medical imaging: To determine the complications
  • Fiber optic endoscopy: To detect if the airway is blocked
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: To diagnose the disease

Doctor for Diagnosis of Peritonsillar Abscess

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • Otorhinolaryngologist

Complications of Peritonsillar Abscess if untreated

Yes, Peritonsillar Abscess causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Peritonsillar Abscess is left untreated:
  • sepsis
  • airway obstruction
  • pneumonia
  • pleural effusion
  • cellulitis of the jaw, neck, or chest
  • pericarditis
  • endocarditis

Procedures for Treatment of Peritonsillar Abscess

The following procedures are used to treat Peritonsillar Abscess:
  • Surgery: The pus can be removed by needle aspiration, incision and drainage, and tonsillectomy

Time for Treatment of Peritonsillar Abscess

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Peritonsillar Abscess to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 2 weeks

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Peritonsillar Abscess.

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