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A contagious bacterial respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. It is characterized by severe and uncontrollable cough, resulting in a whooping sound during breathing following the cough

Symptoms of Pertussis

The following features are indicative of Pertussis:
  • runny nose
  • low-grade fever
  • mild occasional cough
  • apnea

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Common Causes of Pertussis

The following are the most common causes of Pertussis:
  • Bordetella pertussis

Risk Factors for Pertussis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pertussis:
  • young infants

Prevention of Pertussis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pertussis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • get vaccinated against pertussis during infancy

Occurrence of Pertussis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pertussis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pertussis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 1-5 years

Common Gender

Pertussis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pertussis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pertussis:
  • A nose or throat culture test: To check the evidence of the presence of whooping cough bacteria

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pertussis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pertussis:
  • Infection disease specialist

Complications of Pertussis if untreated

Yes, Pertussis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pertussis is left untreated:
  • bacterial pneumonia
  • convulsions
  • loss of appetite
  • inflammation of the middle ear
  • dehydration

Procedures for Treatment of Pertussis

The following procedures are used to treat Pertussis:
  • Leukapheresis and exchange transfusion: To decrease the leukocyte mass that contains very high amount of leukocyte counts

Time for Treatment of Pertussis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pertussis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Pertussis Infectious?

Yes, Pertussis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • cough
  • sneeze

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pertussis.

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