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Inflammation of the throat most often caused by viral and bacterial infections. Other causes include allergens, chemical substances, and trauma

Symptoms of Pharyngitis

The following features are indicative of Pharyngitis:
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • runny nose
  • cough
  • headache
  • hoarse voice

Common Causes of Pharyngitis

The following are the most common causes of Pharyngitis:
  • common cold
  • flu
  • mononucleosis
  • measles
  • chickenpox
  • streptococcus pyogenes infections

Other Causes of Pharyngitis

The following are the less common causes of Pharyngitis:
  • allergies due to dust and pollen grains

Risk Factors for Pharyngitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pharyngitis:
  • age between 3-16 years
  • exposure to tobacco smoking
  • exposure to seasonal allergies
  • exposure to chemical irritants
  • chronic sinus infections
  • weakened immune system

Prevention of Pharyngitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pharyngitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wash hands properly and thoroughly
  • avoid sharing food and utensils
  • proper expulsion of cough or sneeze with the help of tissue paper
  • use of alcohol based hand sanitizers
  • avoid close contact with infected people
  • avoid touching public phones

Occurrence of Pharyngitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pharyngitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pharyngitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 3-16 years

Common Gender

Pharyngitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pharyngitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pharyngitis:
  • Physical Examination: Looks after the swollen glands and helps in listening to child's breathing sound

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pharyngitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pharyngitis:
  • Infectious Disease Specialist

Complications of Pharyngitis if untreated

Yes, Pharyngitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pharyngitis is left untreated:
  • superficial thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein
  • septic emboli in the lung
  • coagulopathy

Medicines for Pharyngitis

Below is the list of medicines used for Pharyngitis:

Self-care for Pharyngitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pharyngitis:
  • Intake of adequate amount of rest: Helps in settling down the symptoms of hoarse voice
  • Intake of plenty of fluids: Keeps the throat moist and prevent dehydration
  • Gargling with salt water: Helps to soothe a sore throat
  • Proper humidification of the air: Eliminates dry air that may trigger conditions of sore throat
  • Avoid exposure to irritants; Helps to prevent irritation of the throat

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pharyngitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pharyngitis:
  • Use of honeysuckle flower and liquorice root: Helpful in soothening the conditions of sore throat

Time for Treatment of Pharyngitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pharyngitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Is Pharyngitis Infectious?

Yes, Pharyngitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • close contact with an infected person
  • respiratory droplets from an infected person

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pharyngitis.