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Symptoms of Phthisis

The following features are indicative of Phthisis:
  • bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
  • pain in the chest
  • coughing up blood or sputum
  • weakness or fatigue
  • weight loss
  • no appetite
  • chills
  • fever
  • sweating at night
It is possible that Phthisis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Phthisis

The following are the most common causes of Phthisis:
  • mycobacterium infections

Risk Factors for Phthisis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Phthisis:
  • weakened immune system
  • recently infected with TB bacteria
  • close contact of a person with infectious TB disease
  • children less than 5 years of age
  • HIV infection
  • silicosis
  • diabetes mellitus

Prevention of Phthisis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Phthisis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid close contact or prolonged time with known tuberculosis patient
  • get Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination

Occurrence of Phthisis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Phthisis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Phthisis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Phthisis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Phthisis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Phthisis:
  • Physical exam: To check the lymph nodes for swelling
  • Blood tests: To confirm or rule out latent or active tuberculosis
  • Imaging tests: To see the white spots in the lungs
  • Sputum tests: Test the cough to diagnose the tuberculosis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Phthisis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Phthisis:
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Phthisis if untreated

Yes, Phthisis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Phthisis is left untreated:
  • vascular infectious
  • tuberculosis related sepsis
  • impaired pulmonary function

Self-care for Phthisis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Phthisis:
  • Be active: Maintain the normal activities and hobbies
  • Stay at home: Don't go near to the people during the first few weeks of treatment for active tuberculosis
  • Ventilate the room: Don't live in a small closed space
  • Cover your mouth: Use a tissue to cover the mouth anytime you sneeze or cough
  • Wear a mask: Helpful in lessening the risk of transmission

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Phthisis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Phthisis:
  • Massage therapy: Helps in relief from physical and psychological suffering during disease

Patient Support for Treatment of Phthisis

The following actions may help Phthisis patients:
  • Talk to your family: Stay connected with family and friends to keep you motivated

Time for Treatment of Phthisis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Phthisis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Is Phthisis Infectious?

Yes, Phthisis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread through the air
  • cough
  • sneeze

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Phthisis.

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